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MedCon 19

The following activity is for the "key terms" in chapter 19 of your textbook.

QuestionAnswer
Alleles matches pairs of genes; the term used to refer to the product when the chromosomes (one from each parent) pair up during fertilization of the egg; the genes on the chromosomes align
Atresia the congenital absence or closure of a normal opening or lumen in the body; it may occur in a variety of areas
Auscultation using the stethoscope to listen to body cavities and organs
Autosomes a chromosome other than a sex chromosome; they determine bodily function
Buccal smear a test for evaluating chromosomes; this test is performed by obtaining squamous epithelial cells from the buccal cavity, staining the cell and microscopically observing for X chromosomes called Barr bodies
Congenital anomaly a birth defect
Dominant in control
Epicanthus a vertical fold of skin across the medial canthus of the eye giving the eyes an Asian appearance
Gene the unit of chromosome that carries DNA information
Genotypes the genetic pattern of the individual
Germ cells sex cells
Heterozygous having different paired genes
Homozygous having identical genes
Karyotyping a method of identifying chromosomes; this process involves taking a picture of a cell during mitosis, arranging the chromosomes pairs in order from largest to smallest and numbering them from 1 to 23
Meiosis the process of reproduction of germ cells in which they divide before duplication
Microcephaly having an abnormally small head; usually associated with mental retardation
Mitosis the process of reproduction of cells in which the 46 chromosomes duplicate and divide into two identical daughter cells each containing 46 chromosomes
Murmurs abnormal sounds in the heart or vascular system
Phenotype the physical expression of a genetic trait such as eye, hair or skin colour
Pyloromyotomy a surgical procedure that involves incising and suturing the pyloric sphincter muscle
Recessive lacking control; weak
Somatic related to the body
Stricture a narrowing
Viscous thick
Created by: jillcyr
 

 



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