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MedCon 14

The following activity is for the "key terms" in chapter 14 of your textbook.

QuestionAnswer
Acromegaly a condition of extremity enlargement as a result of excessive growth hormone in the adult
Adenoma a tumor of glandular tissue
Aldosterone a mineralocorticoid; acts on the kidney to assist in maintaining electrolyte balance
Amenorrhea the absence or cessation of menses
Androgens hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex and responsible for male characteristics
Cortisol hydrocortisone; a steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex
Cortisone a glucocorticoid; it affects carbohydrate metabolism and influences the nutrition and growth of connective tissues
Cretinism congenital hypothyroidism
Diabetic retinopathy disease of the retina of the eye, often resulting in blindness; caused by degeneration due to diabetes mellitus
Dwarfism a decrease in growth hormone (GH) that leads to impaired growth of all body tissues
Estrogen a term used to describe the hormones responsible for female characteristics
Exophthalmos protrusion of the eyeballs
Giantism a condition of overgrowth due to hyperpituitarism occurring before puberty and during the growing years
Glucagon a hormone secreted by the alpha cells in the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas; responsible for elevating blood glucose concentration
Glucocorticoids a group of steroids of the adrenal cortex that affects metabolism such as causing glycogen storage and causing an anti
Glycogen the form that extra sugar is stored in, primarily in the liver
Glycosuria the spilling of sugar into the urine; a common symptom of diabetes mellitus
Goiter noticeable protrusion of the thyroid gland
Goitrogenic goiter producing, as in foods or drugs such as turnips, cabbage and lithium
Gonad a sex organ; a testis or an ovary
Gynecomastia abnormal breast enlargement
Hirsutism abnormal hair on the face and body of the female
Hydrocortisone a steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex
Hyperglycemia high blood sugar level
Hypoglycemia a low blood sugar level
Insulin a hormone secreted by the beta cells in the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas; responsible for glucose usage
Islets of Langerhans specialized cells in the pancreas that act as an endocrine gland secreting hormones, primarily insulin
Ketoacidosis acidosis seen in diabetes mellitus caused by overproduction of ketone bodies
Ketones waste products produced when tissue cells bun fats and proteins
Lipids fats or fat
Mineralocorticoids a group of steroids of the adrenal cortex that influences sodium and potassium metabolism
Myxedema advanced hypothyroidiam in an adult
Panhypopituitarism the condition in which the secretion of all anterior pituitary hormones is inadequate or absent; caused by a variety of disorders
Polydipsia excessive thirst
Polyuria excessive urination
Precocious premature (early) sexual development
Progesterone a female sex hormone produced by the ovary
Striae stretch marks on the skin
Tetany hyperirritability of muscles causing a spasm
Thyroid storm a sudden life
Vasopressin antidiuretic hormone (ADH) secreted by the posterior portion of the pituitary gland
Virilism masculinization; used to describe the occurrence or presence of male characteristics in a female or prepubescent male
Created by: jillcyr
 

 



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