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MedCon 6

The following activity is for the "key terms" in chapter 6 of your textbook.

QuestionAnswer
Anaerobic living without oxygen
Bone mass density (BMD) a measure of bone density or weight. A thinning bone results in a lower bone density
Calcaneal the heel area of the foot
Computerized axial tomography (CAT or CT) imaging by a cross sectional plane of the body; also called computerized tomography
Densitometry measure of bone thickness
Diskectomy surgery to remove a vertebral disk
Dowager’s hump abnormal curvature in the upper thoracic spine
Dual energy X ray absorptiometry
Electromyography a diagnostic test in which a small needle is inserted into muscle tissue and the electrical activity is recorded
Fascia a thick fibrous connective tissue
Interphalangeal referring to joints between finger bones
Laminectomy surgery to cut away part of the vertebra to open the area around the spinal nerve
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a diagnostic radiologic test using nuclear magnetic resonance technology
Meniscus semilunar articular cartilage found inside the knee joint
Metacarpophalangeal referring to the metacarpus and the phalanges; specifically the articulations between them
Metatarsophalangeal referring to the metatarsus and the phalanges; specifically the articulations between them
Mineralization a process that causes the characteristic hardness of bones
Myelogram an X
ORIF (open reduction, internal fixation) surgical opening over a fracture site and internally fixing the fracture with plates, screws or pins
Osteomyelitis inflammation or infection of the marrow of the bone
Radiologic relating to medical imaging using X
RICE acronym for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation, the activities to manage soft tissue trauma like those often associated with sports injuries
Sciatica pain along the sciatic nerve, often radiating down the leg and caused by pressure on the spinal nerve
Spasms uncontrolled muscle contractions
Tetany hyperirritability of muscles causing a spasm like condition; ;usually the result of a lack of calcium
Tophi small whitish nodules of uric acid
Articular fracture one that involves a joint surface
Avulsion fracture one where there is a separation of a small bone fragment from the bone where a tendon or ligament is attached
Closed or simple fracture a fracture that does not break through the skin
Colles’ fracture a fracture of the lower end of the radius with displacement of the fragment
Comminuted fracture one in which there are more than 2 ends or fragments
Complete fracture the fracture is completely through the bone
Compound (open) fracture a fracture involving the bone puncturing through the skin or an object puncturing the skin making an opening through the skin to the fracture site
Compression fracture one in which the bone appears to be mashed down
Displaced fracture one in which the fragments are out of position
Extracapsular fracture a fracture outside or not involving the joint capsule
Femoral neck fracture a fracture involving the neck of the femur
Greenstick fracture a common incomplete fracture that occurs in children; it appears to have broken partially like a sap filled green stick
Impacted fracture one that has a bone end forced over the other end
Incomplete fracture the bone is fractured but not in two
Interochanteric fracture one that is in the trochanteric area of the femur
Intracapsular fracture a fracture inside the joint capsule
Longitudinal fracture one that runs the full length of the bone
Nondisplaced fracture one in which the fragments are still in the correct position
Oblique fracture a fracture that runs in a transverse pattern
Open (compound) fracture a fracture involving the bone puncturing through the skin or an object puncturing the skin making an opening through the skin to the fracture site
Pathologic fracture a fracture caused by weakness from another disease
Pott’s fracture fracture of the lower part of the fibula and tibia with outward displacement of the foot
Simple (closed) fracture a fracture that does not break through the skin
Spiral fracture a fracture that twists around the bone
Stellate fracture a fracture that forms a star like pattern
Stress fracture related to too much weight or pressure
Subcapital fracture a fracture below the head of the femur
Transverse fracture one that runs across or at a 90 degree angle
Created by: jillcyr