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MedCon 3

The following activity is for the "key terms" in chapter 3 of your textbook.

Anaplastic abnormal tissue, the more undifferentiated tissue
Angiogenesis new growth of blood vessels
Benign having limited growth, noncancerous
Biopsy removing a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination
Cachexia a term used to describe any individual who has an ill, thin, wasted appearance
Carcinogen cancer causing agent or substance
Carcinogenesis cancer development
Carcinoma the most common type of malignant neoplasm arising from epithelial tissue
Carcinoma in situ atypical cells residing in the epithelial layer of tissue, not having broken through the basement membrane and invading other local tissues
Chemotherapy using pharmacologic therapy in the treatment of cancer
Curative something that corrects or cures the disease or condition
Cytology the examination or study of cells
Differentiation the process of individual specialization of cells
Dysplasia an alteration in size, shape, and organization of cells
Frozen section a technique that enables a pathologist to make a rapid determination of a tumor condition, either malignant or benign
Grading determining the degree of differentiation of cells through microscopic examination
Hematoma a large tumor or swelling filled with blood; also called a bruise or contusion
Hyperplasia(s) an increase in cell number; overgrowth in response to some type of stimulus
Invasion spreading into surrounding or local tissue
Leukemia a progressive overgrowth of abnormal leukocytes; a malignant disease of the bone marrow
Lymphomas malignant neoplasms of blood forming organs
Malignant deadly or progressing to death; cancerous
Metaplasia a cellular adaptation in which the cell changes to another type of cell
Metastasis spreading to distant sites
Neoplasm(s) an increase in cell number, leading to an increase in tissue size; commonly called tumors
Palliative something that is directed toward relief of symptoms but does not cure
Pap test also called Papanicolaou test; a screening for cancer using and examining the cells scraped from the cervical area
Preventative something that reduces risk
Radiation the process of using light, short waves, ultraviolet or X rays, or any other rays
Sarcoma a malignant neoplasm arising from connective tissue
Staging determining the degree of spread of a malignant tumor
Tumor “swelling” or growth, originally used in the description of the swelling related to inflammation
Created by: jillcyr