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chapter 11-13

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Adrenal cortex Outer region of adrenal gland
Cerebellum large dorsally projecting part of the brain concerned especially with the coordination of muscles and the maintenance of bodily equilibrium, situated between the brain stem and the back of the cerebrum
Cerebrum The largest part of the brain. It is divided into two hemispheres, or halves.
Cochlea The spiral cavity of the inner ear containing the organ of Corti, which produces nerve impulses in response to sound vibrations
Conjunctivitis Inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
Diencephalon The caudal (posterior) part of the forebrain, containing the epithalamus, thalamus, hypothalamus, and ventral thalamus
Encephalitis Inflammation of the brain.
Endocrinologist A clinician or researcher who specializes in Endocrinology
Epinephrine A catecholamine that is the chief neurohormone of the adrenal medulla of most species; also secretedby certain neurons.
Estrogen Estrogens are formed by the ovary, placenta, testes, and possibly the adrenal cortex, as well as by certain plants; they stimulate secondary sexual characteristics, and exert systemic effects, such as growth and maturation of long bones,
Goiter A chronic enlargement of the thyroid gland
Homeostasis e state of equilibrium (balance between opposing pressures) in the body with respect to various functions and to the chemical compositions of the fluids and tissues.
Hyperthyroidism abnormality of the thyroid gland in which secretion of thyroid hormone is usually increased and no longer under regulatory control of hypothalamic-pituitary centers; characterized by a hypermetabolic state
Hypoglycemia Low blood sugar
Hypothalamus The ventral and medial regions of the diencephalon forming the walls of approximately the ventral half of the third ventricle
Incus he middle of the three ossicles in the middle ear; it has a body and two limbs or processes (long crus of incus and short crus of incus)
Insulin A polypeptide hormone, secreted by β cells in the islets of Langerhans, which promotes glucose use
Medulla oblongata he most caudal subdivision of the brainstem, immediately continuous with the spinal cord, extending from the lower border of the decussation of the pyramid to the pons
Melatonin a substance formed by the mammalian pineal gland, which appears to depress gonadal function in mammals and causes contraction of amphibian melanophores; a precursor is serotonin.
Meninges Medical definition for the term 'meningeal branch of spinal nerves'
Neuroma General term for any neoplasm derived from cells of the nervous system;
Neuropathy Disease of the nervous system
Olfactory nerve ollective term denoting the numerous olfactory filaments: slender fascicles
Progesterone Any agent capable of producing biologic effects similar to those of progesterone; m
Prolactin A protein hormone of the anterior lobe of the hypophysis that stimulates the secretion of milk and possibly, during pregnancy, breast growth
Retina Grossly, the retina consists of three parts: optic, ciliary, and iridial. The optic part, the physiologic portion that receives the visual light rays
Sclera . A portion of the fibrous layer forming the outer envelope of the eyeball, except for its anterior sixth, which is the cornea
Synapse The synapse subserves the transmission of nerve impulses
Tympanic membrane Eardrum
Vestibulocochlear nerve composite sensory nerve innervating the receptor cells of the membranous labyrinth;
Created by: velvetaeon



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