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ASTB Test Aviation

ASTB Test Aviation & Aerospace Historical Milestones

QuestionAnswer
1783 The French Montgolfier brothers fly in a hot-air balloon for 5.5 miles in 25 minutes.
1861-65 Observation balloons are used in the Civil War.
1896 American scientist Semuel Langley flies the first (unmanned) powered aircraft.
Dec. 17, 1903 American brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright achieve first recognized powered, manned flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
Nov. 14 1910 First airplane takeoff from a ship (USS Birmingham) by Eugene B. Ely.
Jan. 18, 1911 First successful shipboard landing (USS Pennsylvania) by Eugene B. Ely.
1913 Igor Sikorsky builds first multi-engined aircraft in Russia.
1914 First organized airline (St. Petersburg-Tampa, Florida Airboat Line.
1915 United States established National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), first government-sponsored support of avaiation research and development.
1919 First transatlantic air crossing by Navy and first nonstop transatlantic air crossing.
1920 Launch of first aircraft carrier, the USS Langley, CV-1
1926 Robert H. Goddard, considered the father of American rocketry, launches the first liquid propellant rocket.
1927 Charles Lindbergh makes first solo flight across the Atlantic.
1930 First jet engine designed and patented by Great Britain's Frank Whittle, however, it is not tested on an airplane until a decade later.
1930 First practical helicopter design, developed by Russian Igor Sikorsky, has a large main rotor and smaller vertical rotor on the tail boom, setting the standard for helicopter design still in use today.
1939-45 World War II ushers in mass production of aircraft, increasing from 500 a year to 50,000 a year by war's close. First jet aircraft, a German effort, flies in 1939. Coordination of airpower with ground troops in Europe and amphibious landings in the Pacifi
1946 The FH-1 Phantom is the first jet combat aircraft to operate from the deck of a U.S. aircraft carrier and the Navy's first airplane to fly 500 MPH.
1947 Chuck Yeager, in the Bell X-1 rocket powered research aircraft, is the first man to verifiably break the sound barrier. The first swept-wing jet fighter (F-86 Sabrejet) and the first swept-wing mutli-engine bomber (B-47 Stratojet) are introduced. The U.S.
1948 Berlin Airlift supplies massive amounts of food, fuel, and other vital supplies to Allied West Berlin when East Germans and Soviets cut of ground access, keeping not only U.S. forces but West Berliners alive until tensions ease.
1950-53 Korean War, Launched by North Korean invasion of South Korea, sees increasing use of jets and helicopters on a three-dimensional battlefield that, after seesaw defense and counterattack in 1950-51, settles down to a near-stalemate for the next two years.
1957 Soviet Union launches the first satellite into space, beginning space race between the United States and the U.S.S.R.
1958 United States launches Explorer 1, first American satellite, into orbit.
1961 The Soviet Union's Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space on April 12, 1961, with a single orbit of the Earth. Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space when he was launched on a suborbital flight in a one-man Mercury space capsule.
1962 John Glenn is the first American to Orbit the Earth.
1963 Mercury program ends ,adn the Gemini program begins, using more sophisticated two-man capsules to develop space experience and skills leading to a lunar mission capability.
1965-75 Active phase of American involvement in the Vietnam War, characterized by increasing use of close air support, marginally effective strategic bombing of North Vietnam and Laos, and introduction of airmobile/air assault doctrine for Army, which increasingl
1966 Gemini program concludes and Apollo program begins, with the chief goal of putting a man on the moon.
1967 Three American astronauts are killed in a flash fire on the launch pad in Apollo 1.
1968 Apollo 8 orbits the moon and returns.
1969 Apollo 11 lands two men, Niel Armstrong and Ewdin "Buzz" Aldrin, on the moon on July 20, 1969. A British-French consortium conducts the first flight of the super sonic Concorde passenger jet.
1972 The first spacecraft to explore the outer solar system, Pioneer 10, is launched. After completing its study of Jupiter, its trajectory carried it outside the solar system into interstellar space - the first man-made craft to do so. Continued transmitting
1973-74 Skylab, and American orbital space station, has three crews spend several months each in orbit, providing proof that man could tolerate weightlessness for extended periods.
1975 NASA collaborates with Soviet space agency on the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, where crews from each country rendezvoused and docked; last flight of the Apollo-Saturn hardware.
1981 First flight of the space shuttle Columbia on April 12, 1981.
1983 First American woman in space, Sally Ride, is a mission specialist on a space shuttle mission.
1986 Space shuttle Challenger explodes during liftoff; all aboard are killed.
1986 Russian space station Mir is launched.
1988 F-117 Nighthawk stealth fighter enters operational service.
1991 Persian Gulf War brings with a month-long aerial bombardment of Saddam Hussein's Iraqi forces that cuts their communication, resupply, and antiaircraft capabilities drastically, preparing the way for the ground phase of the war to only last four days.
1993 B-2 stealth bomber enters operational service.
1995 C-17 Globemaster III, a large four-engine jet transport, enters operational service.
1996 Launch of Mars Pathfinder
1998 First components of International Space Station placed in orbit.
2000 Supersonic transatlantic passenger jet Concorde retired from service; first crew occupies International Space Station.
2003 Space shuttle Columbia breaks up during reentry; all seven aboard are killed.
2004 Mars exploration rover Spirit and Opportunity land on Mars; mission still ongoing, SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately built craft to enter outer space.
2005 F-22 Raptor, a stealth air superiority fighter, enters USAF service, fudngin cut for 2010.
2006 First flight of F-35 Lightning II, a newer stealth fighter, which is planned to enter service around 2014-2016 in three versions: F-35A, conventional takeoff/landing (USAF); F-35B, V/STOL variant for USMC; and F-35C, carrier-capable variant for USN.
2010 Space shuttle fleet scheduled for retirement.
Created by: thecorbyfactor