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AnP 2

Endocrine system

QuestionAnswer
What is the difference between an endocrine and exocrine gland? An endocrine gland is a gland that secretes it's hormone into the bloodstream whereas exocrine glands secretes it's hormones into ducts
Describe how hormones interact with receptor cells
Discuss how hormone receptors can be blocked
Distinguish between circulating and local hormone
Describe lipid soluble hormones; list the hormones that are lipid soluble
Describe water soluble hormones; list the hormones that are water soluble
Describe how lipid and water soluble hormones are transported in blood
Explain why some hormones may be taken orally while others must be taken by injection
Describe the mechanism of action of lipid soluble hormones
Describe the mechanism of action of water soluble hormones
Describe the permissive, synergistic and antagonistic effects of hormones
Describe the types of signals that can control hormone secretion
Describe the anatomical and functional relationship between the hypothalamus and pituitary gland
Describe the hypophyseal portal system
Describe the location and histology of the pituitary gland
List the seven major hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary hormones and the five types of cells that secrete them
Describe the principal actions of the anterior pituitary hormones
Describe the two ways in which secretions of the anterior pituitary hormones are regulated
Discuss function and regulation of human growth hormone and insulin like growth factors
Discuss the diabetogenic effect of human growth hormone
List hormones released by the posterior pituitary gland
Describe the regulation and actions of the hormones released by the posterior pituitary gland
Describe the location and histology of the thyroid gland
Describe the formation,storage and release of thyroid hormone
Describe the regulation and actions of the thyroid hormone
Discuss the regulation and action of calcitonin
Describe the location and histology of the parathyroid glands
Discuss the location and histology of the adrenal glands
List three zones of the adrenal cortex and the hormones secreted by each zone
Describe the regulation and actions of the hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex
Discuss the functions of aldosterone and it's regulation by the renin-angiotensin pathway
Describe the regulation and effects of the glucocorticoids
Describe the actions of dehydroepiandrosterone(DHEA)
List the hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla
Describe the regulation and actions of the two major hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla
Describe the location and histology of the pancreas
List the cell types of the pancreatic islets and the hormones produced
Discuss the regulation and action of glucagon and insulin
Describe the locations of the male and female gonads
List the hormones produced by the gonads and describe their actions
Describe the location,histology,hormones and functions of the pineal gland
Discuss the role of melatonin in seasonal affective disorder and jet lag
Describe the role of thymus gland and it's hormone in immunity
List the hormones produced by other organs and their actions
Describe the actions of discos anoints and growth factors
Describe the stress response or general adaptation syndrome
Summarize the events that occur in the three stages of stress response
Discuss anterior pituitary gland disorders including pituitary dwarfism, gigantism and acromegaly
Discuss posterior pituitary gland disorders including diabetes insipidus
Discuss thyroid gland disorders including Graves' disease and goiter
Discuss parathyroid gland disorders including hypo-and hyperparathyroidism
Discuss adrenal gland disorders including Cushing's syndrome, Addison's disease and pheochromocytoma
Discuss pancreatic disorders including diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Created by: Pookykiinz