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Anatomical Terms

Superior vertical position of a structure. Above something else.
Inferior below something else.vertical
Anterior Front-to-back, toward the front
Posterior Front-to-back, toward the back
Medial Midline of the body. Toward the midline of body
Lateral Midline of the body. Away from midline of body
Proximal Something attaches to body.
Distal Something attaches to body. Further away from attachment point
Cranial Relative to the head and tail, usually four-legged animals. toward the head
caudal relative to the head and tail, usually four-legged animals. toward the rear.
Ventral assumes an organism is walking on all fours, refers to lower structure. ex. underside of dog
Dorsal assumes an organism is walking on all fours, refers to upper structure. ex. dorsal fin on a shark or top of foot is dorsal to bottom of feet.
External outer. ex. cranial vault covering brain
internal inside.
endocranial inner surface of cranial vault
ectocranial outer surface of cranial vault
superficial close to surgace
deep far from surface
subcutaneous below the skin
crest prominent, usually sharp and thin ridge of bone: often formed between adjacent muscle masses
ridge linear bony elevation, often roughened.
line raised linear surface, not as thick as a torus or as sharp as a crest
Hamulus hook-shaped projection
Facet small articular surface
process bony pro
Created by: 1515720194



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