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ch.4

Tissue and Membranes

TermDefinition
Tissue group of cells that have a similar structure and that function together as a unit
4 types of tissue epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
Basement Membrane (opposite of the free surface) cells are attached to underlying connective tissue by a noncellular matrix
Simple Epithelial single layer
Stratified Epithelial Many layers
Simple Squamous single layer of thin flat cells
Simple Cubodial single layer of cubed shaped cells, that over the kidneys,tublets,ovaries and glands
Simple Columnar single layer of tall cells, usually lining the stomach
Goblet Cells flask (goblet) shaped cells that secrete mucus
Stratifed Squamous forms the outer later of the skin and extends short distance into every body opening continous with the skin
Transitional Epithelium specialized several layers that can be stretched thinner
Glandular Epithelium Specialized to produce and secrete substances
Connective Tissue binds together structures
Loose Conn. Tissue packing material in the body
Adipose Fat
Dense Fibrous (2 types)` Tendons: Muscle to bone Ligaments: Bone to tissue
Elastic Tissue Most flexible
Cartilage Tissue (2 types) hyaline: most common cartilage fibrocartilage: strong collagenous
Bone osseous: most rigid of all connective tissue
Blood Liquid Matrix
Erythrocytes red blood cells
leukocytes white blood cells
thrombocytes platelets
Muscle Tissue specialized ability to move and connect
Skeletal Muscle typical muscle: makes up 40% of body
Smooth Muscle Found in the walls: hollow body organs
Cardiac Muscle only in the wall of the heart
Nervous Tissue brain, spinal cord, and nerves contains NUERONS (Nerve cells) called NEUROGLIA
Inflammation nonspecific defense mechanism that attempts to locate or contain tissue injury to prepare area for healing
Regeneration (tissue repair) replacement identical to the original cell
Fibrosis (tissue repair) replacement by scar tissue
Intracellular matrix nonliving material
Membrane thin sheet of tissue that covers the body, line cavities and cover organs
Mucous Membrane epithelial membrane
Serous Membrane lined body cavity is covered by a thin later of serous fluid to reduce friction
Synovial Membrane Connective tissue lines cavities of the freely movable joints, also secretes synovial fluid
Menigges connective tissue convering around the brain and spinal (dorsal cavity)
Created by: AshleyRenay