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CH. 8-10 review

test review

QuestionAnswer
Epiglottis covers the trachea so that food doeas not go into lungs when swallow
Regurgitation fluids and solids come back up from the stomach to the mouth
Hemorrhoids varicose vein in the rectum
NPO nothing sy mouth (nothing per oral)
cirrhosis disease that destroys the cells of the liver
colonoscopy visual exam of colon
anorexia medical term for loss appetite
hiatal hernia protrusion of the stomach through diaphragm, and extending into thoracic cavity
appendix can be found on the end of cecum of the large intestine
where is bile produced? in liver
gallbladder stores bile (gall)
cholecystectomy medical term for the removal of the gallbladder
chol/e bile, gall
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
cholelithiasis abnormal condition of gallstones
diverticulitis inflammation of diverticulum, especially in the colon
enter/o small intestine
gingivitis inflammation of the gums
where does urine formation take place? nephrones
UA, U/A urinalysis
introvenous pyelogram X-ray for kidney using a dye that injected into a vein
pyuria pus in the urine
hydronephrosis caused back up of urine in the kidney
nephrolithiasis kidney stone
cystoscopy visual exam of the bladder
anuria condition of no urine
hematuria blood in urine
ureter tubes that carry urine from kidney to urinary bladder
cyst/o bladder
disuria painful, difficult urination
incontinence involuntary release of urine
lith/o stone
micturition urination
cystalgia pain in the bladder
cystotomy cutting into the bladder
pyel/o renal pelvis
uretrostenosis narrowing of the ureter
embryo baby called in the first 8 weeks of pregnancy
spontaneous abortion miscarriage of the fetus or embryo
abruptio placenta emergency condition in which placenta tears from the wall of uterine
fibroid tumor binign tumor in the uterus
perineum area between the urethra and anal opening
multigravida a woman who has been pregnant one or more times
menarche beginning of the minstruation
gestation length of time during a pregnancy
hydrocele excess amount of fluid around the testes
urethra in males shared by urinary and reproductive systems
balanitis inflammation of the glans of penis
cryptorchidism testes do not descend into the scrotal sac
castration excision of the testicles or ovaries
colp/o vagina
mast/o breast
oophor/o ovary
orch/o testes
PSA Prostate-specific antigen, test for prostate cancer
amniocentesis to remove amniotic fluid
Created by: anndinkelaker