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Chapter 3

Chapter 3: Vocab Review

abdominal cavity between ab walls, above pelvis, below diaphragm
blood system blood and all its components
cardiovascular system heart, blood vessels, circulatory system
cell smallest unit of living structure
connective tissue fibrous substance forms body's supportive framework:bones, ligaments, tendons
cranial cavity space in head contains brain
diaphragm muscle that divides ab and thoracic cavities
digestive system all organs of digestion and waste excretion from mouth to anus
dorsal cavity main cavity on back side of body: cranial and spinal cavitiies
endocrine system glands that secrete hormones to regulate certain body functions
epithelial tissue covers or lines body and its parts
integumentary system skin, hair, nails
lymphatic and immune system lymph, glands of lymphatic system, lymphatic vessels, specific and nonspecific defenses of immune system
muscle tissue able to contract and relax
musculoskeletal system muscles, bones and cartilage
nervous system brain, spinal cord, nerve and controls most body functions by sending/receiving messages
nervous tissue specialized tissue that forms nerve cells and is capable of transmitting messages
organ specialized tissue performs specific function
pelvic cavity below ab cavity including reproductive organs
reproductive system controls reprodction
respiratory system lungs and airways and performs breathing
sensory system eyes ears and parts of other systems involved in reactions of five senses
spinal cavity contains spinal cord
system any group of organs and ancillary parts that work together to perform a major body function
thoracic cavity above ab cavity contains heart, lungs, and major blood vessels
tissue group of cells that work together to perform single function
urinary system kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra; maintain homeostasis by removing fluid and dissolved waste
ventral cavity major cavity in front of body containing thoracic and ab and pelvic cavities
anterior at or toward front
coronal plane divides body into anterior and posterior positions (front N back)
deep away from surface
cross sectional plane intersects body horizontally (across)
distal away from point of attachment to trunk
dorsal back of body
epigastric region (2) immediately above stomach
frontal plane divides body into anterior and posterior (front N back)
hypochondriac region (1 & 3) left and right regions of body just below cartilage of ribs and above ab
hypogastric region (8) blow umbilical region
iliac regions (7 & 9) left and right regions of body near upper portion of hip bones
inguinal regions left and right regions of body near upper portion of hip bones
inferior below another structure
lateral to the side
lateral plane divides body perpendicular to medial plane
left lower quadrant lower left anterior side
left upper quadrant upper left anterior side
lumbar region (4 & 6) left and right regions of body near ab
medial near the mddle
medial plane divides body into equal left and right halves
midsaggital plane divides into left and right halves
posterio toward back side
proximal near point of attachment to trunk
prone lying on stomach face down
right lower quadrant lower right anterior side
right upper quadrant upper right anterior side
sagittal plane divides body into left and right halves
superficial near surface
supine lying on spine facing upward
superior above another body structure
transverse plane intersects body horizontally
umbilical region (5) surround umbilicus
ventral toward front
Created by: cs3516