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A & P of Speech

Terminology of Anatomy

QuestionAnswer
When the body is erect and the palms, arms, and hands face forward. Anatomical position
Plane of reference that divides the body into front and back. Coronal/Frontal Plane
Plane of Reference that divides the body into left and right. Sagittal Plane
Plane of reference that divides the body into upper and lower parts. Transverse/Horizontal plane
When the body lies face down in the anatomical position it is called... Prone
When the body lies face up in the anatomical position it is called... Supine
To the front Anterior/ventral
To the back Posterior/dorsal
Toward the head Rostral
Towards surface Superficial
Towards interior or closer to the axis of the body Deep
Upwards Superior
Downwards or below Inferior
Towards cranium Cranial
Below Caudal
Towards middle Medial
Toward the side or away from middle Lateral
Closer to a relative point of connection Proximal
Away relative to a point of connection Distal
Outer External
Inner Internal
Bending at a joint, usually toward the ventral surface. Flexion
The act of pulling two ends farther apart. Extension
Flexion that brings dorsal surfaces into closer proximity or curling up Dorsiflexion
Rotating inward Inversion
Rotating outward Eversion
Rotating face backwards Pronation
Rotating face forwards Supination
Round about movement like the thumb Circumduction
How the palm of your hands can grasp Palmar grasp
The point of attachment of muscles that moves less or is more proximal to body. Origin
The point that moves the most as a result of a muscle contraction Insertion
Created by: kf2011