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Anatomy Lab Quiz 1

QuestionAnswer
Anatomy is the study of the ____ of the body or parts of it, whereas Physiology studies the ___ of the whole body or its systems/ organs structure, function
The _______ states that Anatomy and Physiology are ____ and that _____always reflects _____ Principle of Complementarity, function, structure
In negative feedback, the response ____ or ____ the original stimulus whereas in positive feedback the response ___ the original stimulus reduces, shuts off, enhances
Level of Organization: Chemical atoms and molecules
Level of Organization: Cellular cells and their organelles
Level of Organization: Tissue groups of similar cells
Level of Organization: Organ contains two or more types of tissues
Level of Organization: Organ System organs that work closely together
Level of Organization: Organismal all organ systems
Directional Term: Above, higher Superior
Directional Term: nearer/ closer to body proximal
Directional Term: farther away from body distal
Directional Term: closer to surface superficial
Directional Term: away from the midline of the body lateral
Directional Term: closer to the front of the body anterior
Directional Term: farther away from the surface of the body deep
Directional Term: closer to the back of the body posterior
Directional Term: On the same side of the body Ipsilateral
Directional Term: toward the midline of the body medial
Directional Term: on opposite sides of the body contralateral
Regional Term: relating to the abdomen abdominal
Regional Term: relating to the patella patellar
Regional Term: relating to the phalanx pharyngeal
Regional Term: relating to the back of the knee popliteal
Regional Term: relating to the sternum sternal
Regional Term: relating to the tibia tibial
Regional Term: relating to the femur Femoral
Regional Term: relating to the neck or cervix Cervical
Regional Term: relating to the rib(s)/costa(e) costal
Regional Term: Relating to the cranium or skull cranial
Regional Term: Relating to the back (region) dorsal
Regional Term: relating to a vertebra vertebral
Regional Term: relating to the mouth oral
If a plane divides a structure into ___ left and right parts it is called a midsagittal or median plane equal
If a plane divides a structure into unequal right and left parts we called it a ____ plane parasagittal
Any plane diving the body vertically into anterior and posterior parts is called a ____ or ___ plane coronal, frontal
A ____ or _____ plane produces a cross section by cutting the body horizontally into inferior and superior parts transverse, horizontal
Any diagonal cut, regardless of the plane, produces an ___ section oblique
Our body has ___ major body cavities two
The dorsal cavity protects the ____ nervous system
The dorsal cavities subdivisions are the ____ and ____ cavities cranial, vertebral
The ventral cavity is subdivided into the ____ and ___ by the ____ thoracic, abdominopelvic, diaphragm
The two subdivisions of the abdominopelvic cavity are the ___ and ___ cavities Abdomen, pelvic
The thoracic cavity can be subdivided into two ____ and the ____ between them pleural cavities, mediastinum
The fourth subdivision of the thoracic cavity, located within the mediastinum, is the ___ cavity pericardial
Two organs in the thoracic cavity Lungs and heart
Two organs of the abdominal cavity stomach, intestines
Two organs of the pelvic cavity reproductive organs, urinary bladder
Stomach is found in what region/ quadrant Epigastric region, left and right upper quadrants
Gallbladder is found in what quadrant Right upper
Urinary bladder is located in what region hypogastric/ pubic
A ___ plane divides a structure or the whole body vertically into right and left parts sagittal
Created by: KAzetapi