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Endocrine: Hormones

The origin and function of hormones

HormoneLocation and Function
HGH (Human Growth Hormone) Location: Pituitary Gland Function: Promotes growth and increases the synthesis of proteins
TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) Location: Pituitary Gland Function: Stimulates the thyroid gland to release T3 and T4 into the bloodstream
FSH and LH Location: Pituitary Gland Function: Binds to the receptors of the testes and ovaries for REPRODUCTION
PRL (Prolactin) Location: Pituitary Gland Function: The production of milk (in both men and women)
Oxytocin Location: Pituitary Gland Function: Stimulates contractions of smooth muscle cells in the wall of the uterus and breasts for mild ejection
ADH Location: Pituitary Gland Function: Causes kidneys to retain more water (decreasing urine volume)
T3 and T4 Location: Thyroid Gland Function: Regulate the body's metabolism.
Glucagon Location: Pancreas Function: Increases blood sugar when it falls below normal limits (converts glycogen to glucose)
Insulin Location: Pancreas Function: Prevents the amount of sugar in the blood from rising to a dangerous level (converts glucose to glycogen then excess glucose to fat)
Cortisol Location: Pancreas Function: Promotes protein breakdown in muscle, breakdown triglycerides, and decrease inflammation caused by white blood cells
Epinephrine Location: Adrenal Medulla Function: Increases functions for "Fight or Flight" syndrome (works mostly on the heart)
Norepinephrine Location: Adrenal Medulla Function: Increases functions for "Fight or Flight" syndrome (works mostly on the rest of the body)
Estrogen and Progesterone Location: Ovaries Function: Controls female sexual development and processes. (sex organs and characteristics)
Created by: JacquelineStock