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Rubenstein Ch6Review

AP Human Geography - Rubenstein - Chapter 6: Religion: Review Guide

QuestionAnswer
A large fundamental division in a religion is a _______. Branch.
A small group broken away from an established church is a ______. Sect.
What is a universalizing religion? A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.
What is the world's largest universalizing religion? Christianity.
What is the world's largest ethnic religion? Hinduism.
Why are Roman Catholics clustered in the southwestern United States? Immigration from Mexico and other Latin American countries.
Christianity diffused through which kind of diffusion? Through a combination of all forms of diffusion.
What are the main branches of Christianity? Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox.
What are the main universalizing religions? Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism.
Where are Muslims clustered? Middle East and Asia.
Lutheranism is a Christian _________. Denomination.
Eastern Orthodox is a Christian _________. Branch.
What is the holiest book of Hinduism? The Vedas.
What is the dominant branch of Islam in Iran? Shiites.
What is the belief of one God? Monotheism.
Where did the concept of ghetto come from? During the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews. It's not used to denote a set ion of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
Why is Judaism an ethnic and not universalizing religion? Its major holidays are based on events in the agricultural calendar of the religion's homeland.
How does a mosque differ from a church? It's not viewed as a sanctified place but rather as a location for the community to gather together for worship.
What is a hierarchical religion? A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
What is Confucianism? An ethnic religion with especially strong rooting in traditional values of special importance to Chinese people.
What are Confucianism's beliefs? To follow traditions, fulfill obligations, and treat others with sympathy and respect.
Jerusalem is holy to which religions? Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Which religious group has controlled the holy land for 1500 years? Islam.
What is cosmogony? A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
What do animists believe in? Objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
What religion is the Ganges most holy to? Hinduism.
Cremation is important to which religion? a. Buddhism b. Hinduism c. Christianity d. Islam b. Hinduism
Created by: chrissychris