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Bones, Muscles and joints.

Osseous Pertaining to bone
osteoblast A cell associated with the production of bone
osteoclast A large cell associated with the absorption and removal of bone
osteocyte A mature osteoblast
collagen afibrous insoluble protein found in the white fibers of connective tissue including bone, ligaments, and tendons. When boiled, it becomes gelatin.
periosteum The specialized connective tissue covering all the bones of the body
endosteum The connective tissue membrane lining the medullary cavity of bone
medullary pertaining to bone marrow or the inner portion of an organ
diaphysis the portion of a long bone between its ends; the shaft of a bone
epiphysis the end of a long bone that is usally wider than the shadt. contains a center for growth in length
ossification the formation of bone; the normal process of hardening of bone by calcification
calcifiation deposit of calcium salts within bony tissues
axis a stragiht line (imaginery) passing through the center about which a body or part may rotate
axial pertaining to or forming an axis
appendicular pertaining to an appendage such as a limb or extremity
skeleton the bony framework of the body consisting of 206 bones
skeletal pretaining to the skeleton
cranium the skull; that portion of the skull which encloses the brain
frontal pertaining to the forehead or forhead bone
parietal pertaining to the two bones that form most of the roof and upper sides of the cranium
temporal pertaining to the temple or central sides of the cranium; of the two bones of the cranium located above and around each ear
occipital pertaining to the back and most of the lower base of the skull
sphenoid pertaining to the bat-shaped bone that extends behind the eyes, forming the aterior base of the cranium and part of each orbit
ethmoid pertaining to the delicate bone that forms much of the internal nasal structure and part of each orbit
suture one of the jagged seams that unite the ad-joining bones of the skull
fontanel a space located at the junction of the sutures in the skull of the infant. the fontanels are often called "soft spots"
sinus one of the eight air-filled cavities in the skull that communicate with the nasal cavity
orbital pertaining to the orbit or eye socket.
zygoma the cheekbone/ the two zygomae form the bony arch that extends along the front and side of the skull below the orbits
maxilla one oof the pair of bones forming the upper jaw
maxillary pertaining to the upper jaw bone
mandible the lower jaw bone
mandibular pertaining to the lower jaw bone
nasal pertaining to the nose or one of the two bones that form the bridge of the nose
vertebra a backbone; any one of the bones of the spinal column
intervertevral situated between two adjacent vertebrae
cervical pertaining to the neck
thoracic pertaining to the chest
lumbar pertaining the loin or small of the back
sacrum the large triangular bone near the lower end of the spinal column to which the hip bones are attached
coccyx the tail bone or small bone at the end of a spinal column. formed by the fusion of severak rudimentary vertebrae
coccygeal pertaining to the coccyx or tail bone
costa a rib
intercostal between the ribs; situated between the ribs
sternum the breastbone; a long flat bone shaped somewhat like a dagger and joined to the cartilages of most of the ribs anteriorly
manubrium the upper portion of the sternum
xiphoid process the lower end of the sternum
Pelvic Pertaining to the pelvis or pelvic bone
ilium the superiormost bone of each pelvic bone. the widest of the 3 fused bones of the hip bone
ischium the inferoposterior bone of each of the pelvic or hip bones
pubis the inferoanterior bone of each of the hip bones
symphysis pubis the cartilaginous joint formed by the union of the 2 pubic bones at the midline
clavicle the collar bone or clavicula; a curved bone that joins with the sternum medially and the acromion process of the scapula
clavicular pertaining to the collar bone
scapula the shoulder blade a large flat triangular bone
glenoid socket-like; resembling a socket
acromion the lateral extensions of the projecting spine of the scapula. Projects over the shoulder joint forming the highest point of the shoulder
humerus the upper arm bone
radius the shorter and thicker of the two forearm bones located on the side of the thumb
ulna the forearm bone on the side of the little finger that extends from the wrist to the elbow
carpus the eight bones of the wrist
metacarpus the five bones of the hand between the wrist and fingers
phalanx any bone of the finger or toe, each finger or toe having three such bones and the thumnb and great toe have two
acetabulum the hip socket
os innominatum the innomate bone, it forms the lateral half of the pelvis
os coxae the hip bone or pelvic bone
femur the thigh bone
patella the knee cap
tibia the shin bone
fibula the smaller lateral bone of the lower leg
tarsus the ankle
calcaneus the heel bone
metatarsus the part of the foot between the tarsus and the toes
phalangeal pertaining to a phalanx or the phalanges
condyle a rounded knobby projection at the end of a bone that fits into a joint
malleolus the rounded bony prominence or projection on either side of the ankle joint
fossa a furrow or depression in a bone or other structure
olecranon the large process of the ulna forming the bony prominence of the elbow
foramen a natural opening
meatus a tube shaped passage
mastoid formed like a breast or nipple; pertaining to the mastoid process of the temporal bone
process a noticeable projection of bone
articulation a joint; the junction of two or more bones
ligament a band of strong fiborous connective tissue serving to hold the articular ends of bones together or to hold organs in place
tendon a strong cord of fiborous connective tissue serving to attach musckes to bones
bursa a snakk ckised sac containing synoviak fluid, usually found within joint areas
meniscus a cresent shaped fibrocartilage in the kneww joint
retinaculum tight transverse fiborous bands or ligaments that serve to bind down the tendons close to the bones as they pass over a joint
Created by: Jviloriabro