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Osseous Bony;composed of bone
Osteoblast A cell associated with the production of bone
Osteoclast A large cell associated with the absorption and removal of bone
Osteocyte A mature osteoblast
Collagen A fibrous insoluble protein found in the white fibers of connective tissue
Periosteum The specialized connective tissues covering all the bones of the body
Endosteum The connective tissue membrane lining the medullary cavity of bone
Medullary Pertaining to bone marrow or the inner portion of an organ
Diaphysis The portion of a long bone between its ends; the shaft of a bone
Epiphysis The end of a long bone that is usually wider than the shaft
Ossification The formation of bone; the normal process of hardening of bone by calcification
Calcification Deposit of calcium salts within bony tissues
Axis A straight line (imaginery) passing through the center about which a body or part may rotate
Axial Pertaining to or forming an axis
Appendicular Pertaining to an appendage such as a limb or extremity
Skeleton the bony framework of the body consisting of 206 bones
Skeletal Pertaining to the skeleton
Cranium The skull
Frontal Pertaining to the forehead or forehead bone
Parietal Pertaining to the two bones that form most of the root and upper sides of the cranium
Temporal Pertaining to the temple or central sides of the cranium
Occipital Pertaining to the back and most of the lower base of the skull
Sphenoid Wedge-shaped; Pertaining to the bat-shaped bone that extends behind the eyes
Ethmoid Sieve-like, pertaining to the delicate bone that forms much of the internal nasal structure and part of each orbit
Suture One of the jagged seams that unite the adjoining bones of the skull
Fontanel A space located at the junction of the sutures in the skull of the infant; "Soft spots"
Sinus One of the eight air-filled cavities in the skull that communicate with the nasal cavity
Orbital Pertaining to the orbit or eye socket
Zygoma The cheekbone
Maxilla One of the pair of bones forming the upper jaw
Maxillary Pertaining to the upper jaw bone
Mandible The lower jaw bone; horseshoe-shaped
Mandibular Pertaining to the lower jaw bone
Nasal Pertaining to the nose or or one of the two bones that form the bridge of the nose
Vertebra A backbone
Intervertebral Situated between two adjacent vertebrae
Cervical Pertaining to the neck
Thoracic Pertaining to the chest
Lumbar Pertaining to the loin or small of the back
Sacrum Large triangular bone near the lower end of the spinal column
Coccyx The tail bone or small bone at the end of the spinal column
Coccygeal Pertaining to the coccyx or tail bone
Costa A rib
Intercostal Between the ribs
Sternum The breastbone
Manubrium The upper portion of the sternum
Xiphoid process The lower end of the sternum
Pelvis The large basin or cup-shaped ring of the bone at the base of the spinal column
Pelvic Pertaining to the pelvis or pelvic bone
Ilium The superiormost bone of each pelvic bone
Ischium The inferoposterior bone of each of the pelvic or hip bones
Pubis The inferoanterior bone of each of the hip bones
Symphysis pubis The cartilaginous joint formed by the union of the 2 pubic bones at the midline
Clavicle The collar bone or clavicula
Clavicular Pertaining to the collar bone
Scapula The shoulder blade
Glenoid Socket-like
Acromion The lateral extension of the projecting spine of the scapula
Humerus The upper arm bone
Radius The shorter and thicker of the two forearm bones located on the side of the thumb
Ulna The forearm bone on the side of the little finger that extends from the wrist to the elbow
Carpus The eight bones of the wrist
Metacarpus The five bones of the hand between the wrist and fingers
Phalanx Any bone of a finger or toe
Acetabulum The hip socket
Os innominatum The innominate (having no name) bone
Os coxae The hip bone or pelvic bone
Femur The thigh bone; the longest, strongest bone of the human body
Patella The knee-cap
Tibia The shin bone
Fibula The smaller lateral bone of the lower leg
Tarsus The ankle
Calcaneus The heel bone
Metatarsus The part of the foot between the tarsus and the toes
Phalangeal Pertaining to a phalanx or the phalanges
Condyle A rounded knobby projection at the end of a bone that fits into a joint
Malleolus The rounded bony prominence or projection on either side of the ankle joint
Fossa A furrow or depression in a bone or other structure
Olecranon The large process of the ulna forming the bony prominence of the elbow
Foramen A natural opening, especially in a bone, that may pass into or through the bone
Meatus A tube-shaped passage
Mastoid Formed like a breast or nipple
Process A noticeable projection of bone
Articulation A joint
Ligament A band of strong fibrous connective tissues serving to hold the organs in place
Tendon A strong cord of fibrous connective tissues serving to attach muscle to bones
Bursa A small closed sac containing synovial fluid, usually found within joint areas
Meniscus A crescent-shaped fibrocartilage in the knee joint
Retinaculum Tight transverse fibrous bands or ligaments that serve to bind down the tendons close to the bones as they pass over a joint
-clast that which breaks or destroys
-eous of the nature of; composed of
-ification the act of making or building
-physis grow, growing
endo- within
Created by: tiffanym8