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Terms and descrioptions of the Musculoskeletal System

osseus Bony: composed of bone: pertaining to bone
osteoblast a cell associated with the production of bone
osteoclast a large cell associated with the absorption and removal of bone
osteocyte a mature osteoblast
collagen a fibrous insoluble protein found in the white fibers of connective tissue
periosteum the specialized connective tissue covering all the bones of the body
endosteum the connective tissue membrane lining the medullary cavity of bone
medullary pertaining to bone marrow or the inner portion of an organ
diaphysis the portion of a long bone between its ends; the shaft of a bone
epiphysis the end of a long bone that is usually wider than the shaft
ossification the formatino of bone; the normal process of hardening of bone by calcification
calcification deposit of calcium salts within bone tissues
axis a straight line passing through the center about which body or part may rotate
axial pertainig to or forming an axis
appendicular pertaining to an appendage such a lim or extremity
skeleton the bony framework of the body consisting of 206 bones
skeletal pertaining to the skeleton
cranium the skull
frontal pertaining to the forehead
parietal pertaining to the two bones that form most of the roof and upper sides of the cranium
temporal pertaining to the temple or central sides of the cranium
occipital pertaining to the back and most of the lower base of the skull
sphenoid wedge-shaped; pertaining to the bat-shaped bone that extends behind the eyes
ethmoid sieve-like, pertaining to the delcate bone
suture one of the jagged seams that unite the adjoining bones of the skull
fontanel a space lcated at the junction of the sutures in the skull of the infant
sinus one of the eight air-filled cavities in the skull that communicate with the nasal cavity
orbital pertaining to the orbit or eye socket
zygoma the cheekbone
maxilla one of the pair ofbones forming the upper jaw
maxillary pertaining to the upper jaw bone
mandible the lower jaw bone; horseshoe-shaped
mandibular pertaining to the lower jaw bone
nasal pertianing to the nose or one of the two bones that form the bridge of the nose
costa a rib
intercostal between the ribs
sternum the breastbone
manubrium the upper portion of the sternum
xiphoid process the lower end of the sternum
pelvis the large basin or cup-shaped ring of bone a the base of the spinal column
pelvic pertaining to the pelvis or pelvic bone
ilium the superiormost bone of each pelvic bone
ischium the inferoposterior bone of each of the pelvic or hip bones
pubis the inferoanterior bone of each of the hip bones
symphysis pubis the cartilaginous joint formed by the union of the 2 pubic bones at the midline
clavicle the collar bone
clavicular pertaining to the collar bone
scapula the shoulder blade; a large flat triangular bone
glenoid socket-like; resembling a socket
acromion the lateral extension of the projecting spine of the scapula
humerus the upper arm bone
radius the shorter and thicker of the two forearm bones located on the side of the thumb
ulna forearm bone on the side of the little finger that extends from the wrist to the elbow
carpus the eight bones of the wrist
metacarpus the ifve bones of the hand betweent the wrist and fingers
phalanx any bone of a finger or toe
vertebra a backbone
intervertebral situated between two adjacent vertebrae
cervical pertaining to the neck; the sevel cervial vertebrae are designated
thoracic pertaining to the chest
lumbar pertaining to the loin or small of the back
sacrum the large triangular bone near the lower end of the spinal column
coccyx the tail bone or small bone at the end of the spinal column
coccygeal pertaining to the coccyx or tail bone
acetabulum the hip socket
os innominatum the innominate bone
os coxae the hip bone or pelvic bone
femur the thigh bone
patella the knee-cap
tibia the shin bone; the medial, larger bone of the lower leg
fibula the smaller lateral bone of the lower leg
tarsus the ankle
calcaneus the heel bone; the irregular bone at the back of the tarsus
metatarsus the part of the foot between the tarsus and the toes
phalangeal pertaining to a phalanx or the phalanges
condyle a rounded knobby projection at the end of a bone that fits into a joint
malleolus the rounded bony prominence or projection on either side of the ankle point
fossa a furrow or depression in a bone or other structure
olecranon the large process of the ulna forming the bony prominence of the elbow
foramen a natural opening
meatus a tube-shaped passage
mastoid formed like breast or nipple
process a noticeable projectiono of bone
articulation a joint
ligament a band of stron fibrous connective tissue
tendon a strong cord of fibrous connective tissue
bursa a small closed sac containg synovial fluid
meniscus a crescent-shaped fibrocartilage in the knee joint
retinaculum tight transverse fibrous bands or ligaments that serve to bind down the tendons
Created by: allysonbanal1