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Musculoskeletal

The Musculoskeletal System

TermDefinition
osseous bony; composed of bone; pertaining to bone
osteoblast a cell associated with the production of bone
osteoclast a large cell associated with the absorption and removal of bone
osteocyte a mature osteoblast
collagen a fibrous insoluble protein found in the white fibers of connective tissue
periosteum specialized connective tissue covering all the bones of the body
endosteum connective tissue membrane lining the medullary cavity of the bone
medullary pertaining to the bone marrow or the inner portion of an organ
diaphysis the portion of a long bone between its ends
epiphysis the end of a long bone that is usually wider than the shaft
ossification the formation of bone
calcification deposit of calcium salts within bony tissues
axis a straight line(imaginery)passing through the center about which a body or part may rotate
axial pertaining to or forming an axis
appendicular pertaining to an appendage such as limb or extremity
skeletal pertaining to the skeleton
cranium the skull; portion of the skull which encloses the brain
frontal pertaining to the forehead or forehead bone
parietal pertaining to the two bones that form most of the roof and upper sides of the cranium
temporal pertaining to the temple or central sides of the cranium
occipital pertaining to the back and most of the lower base of the skull
sphenoid pertaining to the bat-shaped bones that extends behind the eyes, forming the anterior base of the cranium and part of each orbit
ethmoid pertaining to the delicate bone that forms much of the internal nasal structure and part of each orbit
suture one of the jagged seams that unite the adjoining bones of the skull
skeleton the bony framework of the body consisting of 206 bones
fontanel a space located at the juction of the sutures in the skull of the infant
sinus one of the eight air-filled cavities in the skull that communicate with the nasal cavity
orbital pertaining to the orbit or eye socket
zygoma cheekbone
maxilla one of the pair of bones forming the upper jaw
maxillary pertaining to the upper jaw bone
mandible lower jaw bone
mandibular pertaining to the lower jaw bone
nasal pertaining to the nose or one of the two bones that form the bridge of the nose
vertebra a backbone
intervertebral situated between two adjacent vertebrae
cervical pertaining to the neck
thoracic pertaining to the chest
lumbar pertaining to the loin or small of the back
sacrum large triangular bone near the lower end of the spinal column to which the hip bones are attached
coccyx tail bone or small bone at the end of the spinal column
coccygeal pertaining to the coccyx or tail bone
costa a rib
intercostal between the ribs
sternum the breastbone
manubrium upper portion of the sternum
xiphoid process lower end of the sternum
pelvis large basin or cup-shaped ring of bone at the base of the spinal column
pelvic pertaining to the pelvis or pelvic bone
ilium the uppermost bone of each pelvic bone
ischium the inferoposterior bone of each pelvic bone
pubis the inferoanterior bone of each of the hipbones
symphysis pubis the cartilaginous joint formed by the union of the 2 pubic bones at the midline
clavicle collar bone or clavicula
clavicular pertaining to the collar bone
scapula shoulder blade
glenoid socket-like; resembling a socket
acromion lateral extension of the projecting spine of the scapula
humerus upper arm bone
radius shorter and thicker of the two forearm bones located on the side of the thumb
ulna the forearm bone on the side of the little finger that extends from the wrist to the elbow
carpus eight bones of the wrist
metacarpus five bones of the hand between the wrist and fingers
phalanx any bone of a finger or toe (pl. phalanges)
acetabulum hip socket
os innominatum innominate bone
os coxae hip bone or pelvic bone
femur thigh bone
patella knee cap
tibia shin bone
fibula small lateral bone of the lower leg
tarsus ankle
calcaneus heel bone
metatarsus part of the foot between the tarsus and the toes
phalangeal pertaining to a phalanx or the phalanges
condyle a rounded knobby projection at the end of a bone that fits into a joint
malleolus rounded bony prominence or projection on either side of the ankle joint
fossa a furrow or depression in a bone or other structure
olecranon large process of the ulna forming the bony prominence of the elbow
foramen a natural opening (pl. foramina)
meatus tube-shaped passage
process a noticeable projection of bone
articulation a joint
ligament a band of strong fibrous connective tissue serving to hold the articular ends of bones together or to hold organs in place
tendon a strong cord of fibrous connective tissue serving to attach muscles to bones
bursa small closed sac containing synovial fluid
meniscus crescent-shpaed fibrocartilage in the knee joint
retinaculum tight transverse fibrous bands or ligaments that serve to bind down the tendons close to the bones as they pass over a joint
Created by: paulineslt
 

 



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