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Medical Terminology

Week 1

root basic part of the word (foundation)
suffix comes after the root (word ending)
prefix comes before the root (word beginning)
combining vowel connects word parts (link parts of words)
hemat/o blood
-logy the study of
-gram record or recoring
enter/o intestines
sub under
epi above
-ic pertaining to
Electr/o electricity
-itis inflammation
-ist specialist/one who specializes in...
combining form root plus combining vowel
Bi/o life
gynec/o woman/female
onc/o tumor
path/o disease
ur/o urnine/urineary tract
radi/o x-rays
nephr/o kidneys
arhtr/o joints
hepat/o liver
cyst/o urinary bladder/sac containing fluid
rhin/o nose
ex- out
cis/o to cut
-ion process of
-ectomy removing
in (prefix) in, into, not
-tomy incision/process of cutting
-scope instrument for visual examination
-scopy process of visual examining
cyt/o cell
-cyte cell
leuk/o white
erythr/o red
thromb/o clot/clotting
-ema blood condition
A-, An- no,not, without
hemo/o blood
-globin protein
leukemia while blood cell condition
-algia pain
ot/0 ear
cephal/o head
-ic, -ac, -al, -ical pertaining to
encephal/o brain
-pathy disease/condition
aden/o gland
cerebr/o, cerebrum largest part of the brain
cerebral pertaining to largest part of the brain
vascular pertaning to a vessel-blood vessel
CVA stroke
eclectroecephalogram recording of electricity in the brain
-oma tumor,mass, collection of fluid, swelling
sarc/o flesh
carcin/o cancer, cancerous
-genic pertaining to, producing, produced by, produced in
iatr/o treatment
-opsy process of viewing
aut/o self
hyper- excessive, above, more than normal
glyc/o glucose, sugar
hypo- deficient, below, less than normal
epi- above, on, upon
crin/o secrete (to form and give off)
endo- within
exo- out
-sis state of
gnos/ knowledge
dia- complete, through
pro before, forward
-osis condition, usually abnormal(slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)
retro- behind
sub- below
trans- across, through
peri- surrounding
-ium tissue, structure, thing
pedo/o child
physi/o nature
secti/o to cut
tom/o to cut
-ia condition
-tome instrument to cut
ana- up, apart
Created by: msastudent10