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Human Anatomy 1

Cardiovascular system

List some possible diseases/syndromes related to the cardiovascular system Heart attack, Angina, Damaged heart valve
Describe some of the possible treatment options available to patients with cardiovascular disease Medication to decrease blood pressure and cholesterol and C.A.B.G or bypass surgery
What type of lifestyle changes could be recommended to patients with diseases of the cardiovascular system? Exercise, diet, lose weight, no smoking, decrease in fats and cholesterol
List some outcomes of diseases of the cardiovascular system Death, kidney failure, stroke and heart attack
Describe the location and function of the atria located above the ventricles and they receive blood
Describe the purpose of the bicuspid valve allows blood flow from left atrium to left ventricle when valve is open
In which blood vessels is the pressure the highest? arteries; carry blood away from the heart
Define stroke volume Volume of blood pumped by ventricle and heart (mls/beat)
List some factors that increase peripheral resistance Narrowing/constricting of blood vessels, increased blood pressure(pregnancy, increased stroke), exercise increases CO2
Which vessels drain blood into the right atrium? Superior Vena Cava and Inferior Vena Cava
How does the heart's ability to contract differ from that of other muscles of the body? Contract independently without rest or nerve stimulation. Heart muscle combination of nerve tissue or muscle tissue. Has intrinsic conduction system- nudal system. Synatrical node sets place and medulla acts as brake and accelerator
What monosyllables are used to describe heart sounds? Explain the causes of the heart sounds "Lup" - closing of the tricuspid and bicuspid valves "Dup" - closing of the semi lunar valves and after ventricles contract
Describe arteries, capillaries and veins. Compare and contrast the blood vessels All blood vessels carry blood. Arteries carry blood away from the heart with the highest pressure. Veins carry blood toward the heart with the pressure being the lowest. Capillaries: exchange occurs(gas exchange) link arteries and veins
Created by: feliciajordan



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