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Study Guide

Anatomy Study of Internal and External Stuctures and their relationship
4 Anatomy's Gross, Regional, Systemic, Microscopic
Gross Anatomy Study of structures that are visible
*Regional Anatomy* Studying structures in each region.
*Systemic Anatomy* Study of Organ System by Organ System
Microscopic Anatomy Study of "micro" Organism.
Cytology Cell Study
Histology Tissue Study
Physiology Function Study
6 levels of Organization Cells, Tissue, Organs, Organ Systems, and Organism
Smallest living Organism; 200 types Cells
Tissue Group of cells that perform part of the function
One or more tissues makes------ & performs "specific" function Organs
Organ System Multiple Organs Peforming "multiple" Function
All Organ System Function together to survive and Reproduce Organism
Main Cells Skin cells, Red Blood cells, Nerve cells, Muscle Cells
Function of Skin cells Creates a barrier to protect you from bacteria and infections
Function of Red Blood cells Carries Oxygen
Function of Nerve Cells vs Function of Muscle cells (Nerve)Transmit signals Contracts and Gets Shorter(muscle)
Thoracic Chest
Abdominal Abdomen
Antebrachial Forearm
Axillary Armpit
Brachial Arm
Carpal Wrist
Cephalic Head
Cervical Neck
Crural Leg
Femoral Thigh
Gluteal Butt
Inguinal Groin
Lumbar Loin
Manual Hand
Patellar Kneecap
Pedal Foot
Pelvic Pelvis
Pubic Pubis
Sacral Sacrum
Sural Calf
Tarsal Ankle
Superior Towards the Head
Inferior Towards the Feet
Medial Towards the Midline of the body
Lateral Away from the Midline
Proximal Closer to the Point of Origin
Distal Away from the Point of Origin
Anterior(Ventral) Towards the Belly
Posterior(Dorsal) Back
Superficial the surface of the body Example: Ribs are Superficial to the Liver
Deep away from surface
Transverse Plane PLANE runs parallel to the ground and divides the body into superior and inferior portions.
Frontal Plane (ant on a post)A vertical plane that divides the body or organ into anterior and posterior portions
Sagittal Plane Cuts the body into Left and right sides
Mid Sagittal Plane Exactly at the Midline; A Vertical Plane that divides the body into equal right and left sides
Para Sagittal Plane A vertical plane that divides the body or organ into unequal right and left sides
Dorsal Body Cavity (Doors- in-the- back) Subdivided into a cranial cavity (contains brain) and Vertebral cavity(contains Spinal Cord); Located near the Posterior surface of the body. (back)
Ventral Body Cavity Located in the Anterior part of the body; Subdivided into Thoracic and AbdominoPelvic cavity by the diaphragm
What Makes Cavity? Membranes
Organs inside the Ventral Cavity is called Viscera
Thoracic Cavity Surrounded by ribs and muscles of the chest; It is subdivided into Pleural Cavity and Mediastinum.
Pleural Cavity 2 of them; contains lungs
Mediastinum Not a cavity; It's a mass of tissue that extends from the sternum to Vertebral column; It contains the Pericardial Cavity; Also contains thymus, aorta and esophagus
Pericardial Cavity Contains the heart
Visceral Pleura Covers the wall of the Organ
Parietal Pleura On the outisde
Cavity Space between Visceral and Parietal Pleura
Created by: Lee