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Euro History Dates

Important dates in 20th century European history.

DateEvent
1914 Outbreak of World War I.
1916 The British Grand Fleet under Admiral Jellico defeats the German Fleet under Admiral Scheer.
1917 The Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. Russia becomes a Republic. The Czar abdicates and is later assassinated. Lenin comes to power.
1918 End of World War I (11th November).
1919 The Paris Conference and the Treaty of Versailles.
1920 The League of Nations founded.
1922 Mussolini comes to power in Italy
1924 Lenin dies, and power passes into the hands of Stalin in Russia.
1933 Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany.
1935 War between Italy and Ethiopia; Italy annexes Ethiopia.
1936-39 Spanish Civil War
1938 Munich Conference
1939-45 World War II
1947 "Marshal Plan" for Europe.
1948 A treaty is concluded between the Benelux countries i.e. Britain, France, etc. according to which the promotion of collective defense and co-operation concerning economic, social and cultural matters is agreed upon.
1949 The North Atlantic Treaty is signed in Washington. The Council of European States is signed in Strasbourg.
1950 Negotiations open in Paris among France, Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Netherlands and Luxembourg (after the Second World War).
1952 The European Defense Community Treaty is signed in Paris.
1953 The European Common Market is established. It trades in coal, iron ore and scrap.
1954 Nine-Power conference in London on the re-armament.
1955 West Germany joins N.A.T.O. Warsaw Pact
1957 The Treaty of Rome is signed by the six in settling up the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Eurotom) [Belgium, France, The Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Netherlands and Luxembourg.]
1959 Nikita Khrushchev visits U.S.A.
1960 European Free Trade Association (EFTA) convention meets in Stockholm
1961 Berlin Wall built
1975 Democracy restored in Spain
1985 Mikhail Gorbachev in power in Russia
1989 Fall of the Berlin Wall: anti-communist revolutions across eastern Europe
1992 Yugoslavia civil war starts Maastricht Treaty Signed
1993 Separation of Czechoslovakia
Created by: leechtn