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Chapter 15

Ch 15 - Musculoskeletal System - Combining Forms, Suffixes, Prefixes

Prefixesmeaning
acetabul/o acetabulum (hip socket)
ankl/o stiff
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
burs/o bursa (sac of fluid near joints)
calc/o calcium
calcane/o calcaneous (heel bone)
calci/o calcium
carp/o wrist bones (carpals)
cervic/o neck; cervix (neck of uterus)
chondr/o cartilage
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
coccyg/o coccyx (tailbone)
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
fasci/o face
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
fibr/o fiber
fibul/o fibula
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
ili/o ilium
ischi/o ischium (part of the hip bone)
kyph/o humpback
lamin/o lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
leiomy/o smooth (visceral) muscle
ligament/o ligament
lord/o curve; swayback
lumb/o lower back; loin
malleol/o malleolus
mandibul/o mandible (lower jaw bone)
maxill/o maxilla (upper jaw bone)
metacarp/o metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o metatarsals (foot bones)
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord; bone marrow
myocardi/o myocardium (heart muscle)
myos/o muscle
olecran/o olecranon (elbow)
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
patell/o patella
ped/o child; foot
pelvi/o pelvis; hip region
perone/o fibula
phalang/o phalanges (of fingers and toes)
plant/o sole of foot
pub/o pubis (anterior part of hip bone)
radi/o x-rays; radioactivity; radius (lateral lower arm bone)
rhabdomy/o striated (skeletal) muscle
rheumat/o watery flow
sacr/o sacrum
sarc/o flesh (connective tissue)
scapul/o scapula (shoulder blade)
scoli/o crooked; bent
spondyl/o vertebra (backbone)
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
synov/o synobia; synovial membrane; sheath around a tendon
tars/o tarsus; hindfoot or ankle (7 bones between the foot and the leg)
ten/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
thorac/o chest
tibi/o tibia (shin bone)
uln/o ulna (medial lower arm bone)
vertebr/o vertebra (backbone)
-algia pain
-asthenia lack of strength
-blast embryonic; immature cell
-clast to break
-desis to bind; tie together
-emia blood condition
-listhesis slipping
-malacia softening
-penia deficiency
-physis to grow
-plasty surgical repair
-porosis condition of pores (spaces)
-stenosis tightening; stricture
-tome instrument to cut
-trophy nourishment; development (condition of)
a-, an- no; not; without
ab- away from
ad- toward
dia- complete; through
dorsi- back
epi- above; upon; on
exo- out; away from
hyper- above; excessive
meta- change; beyond
peri- surrounding
poly- many, much
sub- under, below
supra- above; upper
sym- together; with
Created by: ggonzales
 

 



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