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Religion Chapter 6
Flashcards for vocabulary and questions from the "Wozepardy" game.
|A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times
|Lutheranism is a ____________________ of Christianity.
|What is the goal of Protestant citizens of Northern Ireland?
|Protestants in the British part of Ireland want to stay in the United Kingdom in order to be part of the Protestant majority, versus being the minority in the Roman Catholic Republic of Ireland.
|What are the three religions that trace their origins back to the line of Abraham?
|Christianity, Islam, and Judaism
|A large and fundamental division within a religion
|Approximately 90% of the Western Hemisphere's population claim to be adherents of which religion?
|Which ethnic religion follows a lunar calendar?
|A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations into a single legal and administrative body
|Why would it be difficult to resolve conflict over the rights to Jerusalem?
|Three religions acknowledge the city as holy.
|From which country did Israel capture the Sinai Peninsula from?
|The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law
|In the Islamic religion, who is believed to have relayed the message of God to Muhammad?
|Gabriel, an angel
|What is the dominant branch of Islam?
|In which religion is cremation more important than burial?
|A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination
|The greatest prophet in the religion of Christianity is _____________.
|Which religion is currently the most important in its founder's homeland?
|Which ethnic religion focuses on harmony, balance, mysticism, and magic?
|The doctrine or belief of the existence of only one god
|Which ethnic religion are adherents able to practice other religions simultaneously?
|Where are Muslims clustered?
|The Middle East
|What is the world's largest ethic religion?
|A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes
|Which king built the first Jewish temple? Who was it destroyed by?
|King Solomon; the Babylonians
|A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe
|How are mosques and churches different, not considering the fact they are from two distinct religions?
|Churches are holy places, but mosques aren't necessarily sanctified.
|What is the world largest universalizing religion?
|A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated
|What is the dominant branch of Islam in Iran?
|Shiite, or Shia
|Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect); die-hards
|In which ethnic religion is community service emphasized?
|Since what year has Israel controlled all of Jerusalem?
|Where do Hindus mainly worship?
|A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally
|Concentrations of ___________________ (ethnic/ universalizing) religions are more dense in a given area than a(n) __________________ (ethnic/ universalizing) religion.
|A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control
|In the past 1,500 years, which religious group has had the longest control of Jerusalem?
|A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location
|Followers of Mahayanist Buddhism refer to what particular trait of the Buddha?
|During the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only be Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure
|What did the United Nations vote to partition in Palestine?
|Palestine would be split into two independent states, one Jewish and one Muslim. Jerusalem would be an international city run by the UN.
|An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion
|How do the holy sites of universalizing and ethnic religions differ?
|Sacred locations in universalizing religions are usually based off of momentous occasions in the founder's life, while holy sites in ethnic religions are based on natural landmarks.
|Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life
|Which part of Europe is predominantly Orthodox Christian?
|Belief in or worship of more than one god
|Where is there a large concentration of Baptists in the United States?
|Astronomical event that happens twice each year; tilt of Earth's axis is farthest or closest to the sun; the Sun's apparent position in the sky to reach its most northernmost or southernmost extreme; results in the shortest or longest days of the year
|What is the major difference between the branches of Christianity practiced in the Americas?
|Latin America is predominantly Roman Catholic.