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Religion Chapter 6

Flashcards for vocabulary and questions from the "Wozepardy" game.

QuestionAnswer
A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times Pagan
Lutheranism is a ____________________ of Christianity. Denomination
What is the goal of Protestant citizens of Northern Ireland? Protestants in the British part of Ireland want to stay in the United Kingdom in order to be part of the Protestant majority, versus being the minority in the Roman Catholic Republic of Ireland.
What are the three religions that trace their origins back to the line of Abraham? Christianity, Islam, and Judaism
A large and fundamental division within a religion Branch
Approximately 90% of the Western Hemisphere's population claim to be adherents of which religion? Christianity
Which ethnic religion follows a lunar calendar? Judaism
A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations into a single legal and administrative body Denomination
Why would it be difficult to resolve conflict over the rights to Jerusalem? Three religions acknowledge the city as holy.
From which country did Israel capture the Sinai Peninsula from? Egypt
The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law Caste
In the Islamic religion, who is believed to have relayed the message of God to Muhammad? Gabriel, an angel
What is the dominant branch of Islam? Sunni
In which religion is cremation more important than burial? Hinduism
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination Sect
The greatest prophet in the religion of Christianity is _____________. Jesus
Which religion is currently the most important in its founder's homeland? Islam
Which ethnic religion focuses on harmony, balance, mysticism, and magic? Daoism (Taoism)
The doctrine or belief of the existence of only one god Monotheism
Which ethnic religion are adherents able to practice other religions simultaneously? Buddhism
Where are Muslims clustered? The Middle East
What is the world's largest ethic religion? Hinduism
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes Pilgrimage
Which king built the first Jewish temple? Who was it destroyed by? King Solomon; the Babylonians
A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe Cosmogony
How are mosques and churches different, not considering the fact they are from two distinct religions? Churches are holy places, but mosques aren't necessarily sanctified.
What is the world largest universalizing religion? Christianity
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated Ethnic religion
What is the dominant branch of Islam in Iran? Shiite, or Shia
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect); die-hards Fundamentalism
In which ethnic religion is community service emphasized? Confucianism
Since what year has Israel controlled all of Jerusalem? 1967
Where do Hindus mainly worship? The home
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally Autonomous religion
Concentrations of ___________________ (ethnic/ universalizing) religions are more dense in a given area than a(n) __________________ (ethnic/ universalizing) religion. ethnic; universalizing
A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control Hierarchical religion
In the past 1,500 years, which religious group has had the longest control of Jerusalem? Muslims
A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location Universalizing religion
Followers of Mahayanist Buddhism refer to what particular trait of the Buddha? Compassion
During the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only be Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure Ghetto
What did the United Nations vote to partition in Palestine? Palestine would be split into two independent states, one Jewish and one Muslim. Jerusalem would be an international city run by the UN.
An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion Missionary
How do the holy sites of universalizing and ethnic religions differ? Sacred locations in universalizing religions are usually based off of momentous occasions in the founder's life, while holy sites in ethnic religions are based on natural landmarks.
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life Animism
Which part of Europe is predominantly Orthodox Christian? Eastern Europe
Belief in or worship of more than one god Polytheism
Where is there a large concentration of Baptists in the United States? The south
Astronomical event that happens twice each year; tilt of Earth's axis is farthest or closest to the sun; the Sun's apparent position in the sky to reach its most northernmost or southernmost extreme; results in the shortest or longest days of the year Solstice
What is the major difference between the branches of Christianity practiced in the Americas? Latin America is predominantly Roman Catholic.
Created by: SydneyR