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ANT Chpts 19 & 21

Anatomy Chapters 19 & 21

QuestionAnswer
Which of the following is NOT an accessory digestive organ? esophagus
Chewing food is an example of? mechanical digestion
Which of the following is mismatched? muscularis, lacteal
Most chemical digestion occurs in the? duodenum
Absorption is defined as? The passage of nutrients from the gastrointestinal tract into the bloodstream
The exposed portions of the teeth that you clean with a toothbrush are the? crowns
What causes your mouth to "water" at the sight of your favorite food? the cephalic phase of digestion
Which of the following correctly describes the esophagus? It is a muscular tube extending from the pharynx to the stomach.
If an incision were made into the stomach, the tissue layers would be cut in what order? serosa, muscularis, submucosa, mucosa
Which of the following is NOT true concerning the large intestine? Its intestinal glands produce several enzymes to complete chemical digestion.
Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver? producing enzymes that digest proteins
The purpose of villi in the small intestine is to? increase the surface area for absorption of digested nutrients.
Which of the following is NOT produced in the stomach? sodium bicarbonate
Which of the following is NOT correctly paired? stomach, emulsification
Lipase digest triglycerides into? fatty acids and monoglycerides
Place the following in the correct order as food passes from the small intestine: e. 5, 3, 2, 6, 1, 4
Lacteals function to produce salivary amylase.
Which of the following is NOT a function of the urinary system? regulation of body temperature
Which of the following structures is located in the renal cortex? the renal corpuscle
The major openings located in the base of the bladder are the urethra and two ureters
A protective barrier that helps prevent kidney trauma is the renal capsule
Place the following structures in the correct order for the flow of urine: e. 1, 5, 2, 4, 3, 6
The functional unit of the kidney where urine is produced is the nephron
What causes filtration of plasma across the filtration membrane? the pressure of the blood in the glomerular capillaries
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the amount of filtrate formed in both kidneys each minute
Which of the following is normally secreted into the tubular fluid from the blood? hydrogen ions (H+)
IN the nephron, tubular fluid that is reabsorbed from the renal tubules enters the peritubular capillaries
Place the following structures int eh correct order as they are involved in the formation of urine in the nephrons. d. 2, 4, 3, 6, 1, 5
Blood is carried out of the glomerulus by the efferent arteriole
Which of the following increases glomerular filtration rate (GRF)? atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)
Which of the following statements concerning tubular reabsorption is NOT true? Tubular reabsorption is a primary controller of blood pH.
The micturition reflex is an involuntary reflex over which normal adults have voluntary control.
Which of the following is NOT normally present in glomerular filtrate? blood cells
Urine formation requires which of the following? glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption, and tubular secretion
The transport of urine from the renal pelvis into the urinary bladder is the function of the ureters
Which of the following characteristics do the urinary bladder and ureters have in common? mocusa layer with transitional epithelium
Created by: dtgs2010