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AP Gov Parties/Media

all terms for political parties and media unit

TermDefinition
Amicus Curiae Brief “friend of the court” brief filed by an interest group to influence a Supreme Court decision
Dealignment Argument contention that parties are less meaningful to voters, who have abandoned the parties in greater numbers to become independents
Divided Government government in which one party controls the presidency while another party controls the Congress
Elite Theory theory that upper class elites exercise great influence over public policy
Factions term used by Madison to denote what we now call interest groups
Fairness Doctrine FCC rule (no longer in effect) that required broadcasters to air a variety of viewpoints on their programs
Feeding Frenzy term for when the media “attack” when they sense wrongdoing or scandal
Free Rider Problem problem faced by interest groups when citizens benefit from interest group action without actually contributing to the interest group
Horse Race Coverage the tendency of the media to report on who’s winning and losing
iron triangle informal association of federal agency, congressional committee, and interest group that is said to have heavy influence over policy making
litigation the act or process of carrying out a lawsuit
lobbying attempting to influence policy makers
nonpartisan elections elections in which candidates are not identified by party membership on the ballot
photo opportunity staged campaign event that attracts favorable visual media coverage, e.g. a candidate reading to school children
pluralism theory that policy making is the result of interest group competition
Patronage appointing loyal party members to government positions
revolving door the cycle in which a person alternately works for the public sector and private sector, thus blurring the individual’s sense of loyalty
selective exposure the practice of choosing media sources which are in harmony with one’s own beliefs
selective perception the practice of perceiving media messages the way one wants to
sound bite a short, pithy comment that is likely to attract media attention
spin control placing a certain slant on a story to deflect negative public attention against a candidate or office holder
unit rule an abandoned rule of the Democratic Party where the candidate with the most delegates from a state won all of that state’s convention votes
Created by: ksheehy96