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Anatomy Chapter7

Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter7 - Skeletal System

QuestionAnswer
SKELETAL FUNCTIONS TO SUPPORT, TO PROTECT, TO ASSIST IN MOVEMENT, HEMATOPOIESIS, AND TO STORAGE
HEMATOPOIESIS MANUFACTURES BLOOD CELLS
CARTILAGE CONNECTIVE TISSUE IN WHICH BONES DEVELOPS IN A FETUS AND IT IS FOUND AT THE END OF CERTAIN BONES AND IN JOINTS IN ADULTS. IT PROVIDES A SMOOTH SURFACE FOR ADJACENT BONES TO MOVE AGAINST EACH OTHER
LIGAMENT TOUGH CONNECTIVE TISSUE STRUCTURES THAT ATTACH BONES TO BONES
TENDONS TOUGH CONNECTIVE TISSUE STRUCTURES THAT ATTACH MUSCLE TO BONE
OSTEOBLAST SPINDLE-SHAPED CELLS WHERE BONES DEVELOP
OSTEOPROGENITOR CELLS UNDEIFFERENTIATED BONE CELLS WHERE OSTEOBLAST DEVELOP
PERIOSTEUM FIBROVASCULAR MEMBRANE THAT COVER A BONE
ENDOSTEUM PLACE WHERE OSTEOBLAST ARE ALSO FOUND, WHICH LINES THE BONE MARROW OR MEDULLARY CAVITY
OSTEOCLAST BONE CELLS PRESENT IN ALMOST ALL CAVITIES OF BONE. THEY DERIVED FROM IMMUNE SYSTEM CELLS AND ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE REABSORPTION OF BONE
OSSIFICATION BONE GROWTH
TYPES OF OSSIFICATION INTRAMEMBRANOUS OSSIFICATION AND ENDOCHONDRAL OSSIFICATION
INTRAMEMBRANOUS OSSIFICATION TYPE OF OSSIFICATION IN WHICH DENSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES ARE REPLACED BY DEPOSITS OF INORGANIC CALCIUM SALTS, THUS FORMING BONE
FONTANELLE SOFT MEMBRANCES ON TOP OF A BABY'S SKULL; SOFT SPOT
ENDONCHONDRAL OSSIFICTION TYPE OF OSSIFICATION IN WHICH CARTILAGE IS THE ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH THE BONE CELLS DEVELOP
CALCITONIM TYPE OF HORMONE THAT CONTROL THE CALCIUM CONCENTRATION IN OUR BODIES (1)
PARATHORMONE TYPE OF HORMONE THAT CONTROL THE CALCIUM CONCENTRATION IN OUR BODIES (2)
TYPES OF BONE TISSUES COMPACT OR DENSE BONE AND CANCELLOUS OR SPONGY BONE
HARVESIAN CANAL OR OSTEON SYSTEM THAT ALLOWS FOR THE EFFECTIVE PROMINENT FEATURE OF COMPACT BONE. METABOLISM OF BONE CELLS SURROUNDED BY RINGS OF MINERAL SALTS.
HARVERSIAN OR CENTRAL CANALS SMALL CANNALS CONTAINING BLOOD VESSEL THAT BRINGS IN OXYGEN AND NUTRIENTS AND REMOVE WASTE PRODUCTS AND CARBON DIOXIDE
LAMELLA EACH LAYER OF CONCENTRIC RING OF BONE
LACUNAE TINY CAVITIES BETWEEN TWO LAMELLA OR RINGS OF BONE
CANALICULI SMALLER CANALS THAT CONNECT THE LACUNAES TO THE LARGER HAVERSIAN OR CENTRAL CANALS
VOLKMANN'S OR PERFORATING CANALS CANNALS RUNNING HORIZONTALLY TO THE HAVERSIAN CANALS, ALSO CONTAIN BLOOD VESSELS
CANCELLOUS OR SPONGY BONE BONE LOCATED AT THE END OF LONG BONES AND FORMS THE CENTER OF ALL OTHER BONES
TRABECULAE MESHWORK OF INTERCONNECTING SECTIONS OF BONES
RED BONE MARROW RICHLY SUPPLIED WITH BLOOD AND CONSISTS OF BLOOD CELLS AND THEIR PRECURSORS. FUNCTION IS HEMATOPOIESES OR THE FORMATION OF RED AND WHITE BLOOD CELLS AND BLOOD PLATELETS
YELLOW BONE MARROW CONNECTIVE TISSUE CONSISTING CHIEFLY OF FAT CELLS
BONES SHAPE LONG, SHORT, FLAT, IRREGULAR, AND SESAMOID
LONG BONES BONE THAT CONSISTS OF A SHAFT OR DIAPHYSIS, A FLARED PROTION ATH EEND OF THE DIAPHYSIS CALLED A METAPHYSIS, AND TWO EXTREMITIES CALLED EPIPHYSES. CLAVICLE, HUMERUS, RADIUS, ULNA, FEMUR, TIBIA, AND FIBULA AS WELL AS THE PHALANGES, METACARPALS, METATARSALS
MEDULLA CAVITY THE INTERIOR OF THE SHAFT FILLED WITH YELLOW BONE MARROW
SHORT BONES BONES WITH A IRREGULAR SHAPE. CARPAL BONES OF THE WRIST AND TARSAL BONES OF THE FOOT
FLAT BONES BONES THAT ARE FLAT AND SERVE TO PROTECT OR PROVIDE EXTENSIVE MUSCLE ATTACHMENT. BONES OF THE CRANIUM, THE RIBS, SCAPULA, AND PART OF THE HIPBONE
IRREGULAR BONES BONES THAT HAVE A VERY PECULIAR OR IRREGULAR SHAPE. VERTEBRAE AND THE OSSICLES OF THE EAR
SESAMOID BONES BONES THAT ARE SMALL ROUNDED ENCLOSED IN TENDON AND FASCIAL TISSUE NEAR JOINTS. THE LARGEST ONE IS THE PATELLA OR KNEECAP. BONES OF THE WRIST AND ANKLE CAN BE CLASSIFIED AS SESAMOID OR SHORT BONES
PROCESSES CERTAIN PROJECTIONS OR PROMINANCES IN THE SURFACE OF ANY TYPICAL BONE.
FOSSAE CERTAIN DEPRESSION OR CAVITY IN THE SURFACE OF ANY TYPICAL BONE
TYPE OF PROCESSES SPINE, CONDYLE, TURBECLE, TROCHLEA, TROCHANTER, CREST, LINE, HEAD, AND NECK
SPINE ANY SHARP, SLENDER PROJECTION SYSH AS STHE SPINOUS PROCESS OF A VERTEBRA
CONDYLE A ROUNDED OR KNUCLE-LIKE PROMINENCE
TUBERCLE A SMALL ROUND PROCESS LIKE THE LESSER TURBECLE OF THE HUMERUS
TROCHLEA A PROCESS SHAPED LIKE A PULLEY AS IN THE TRICHLEA OF THE HUMERUS
TROCHANTER A VERY LARGE PROJECTION LIKE THE GREATER AND LESSER TROCHANTER OF THE FEMUR
CREST A NARROW RIDGE OF BONE LIKE THE ILIAC CREST OF THE HIP BONE
LINE A LESS PROMINENT RIDGE OF BONE THAN A CREST
HEAD A TERMINAL ENLARGEMENT LIKE THE HEAD OF THE HUMERUS AND THE HEAD OF THE FEMUR
NECK THAT PART OF A BONE THAT CONNECTS THE HEAD OR TERMINAL ENLARGEMENT TO THE REST OF THE BONE
TYPE OF FOSSAE SUTURE, FORAMEN, MEATUS OR CANAL, SINUS OR ANTRUM, SULCUS
SUTURE A NARROW JUNCTION OFTEN FOUND BETWEEN TWO BNES LIKE THE SUTURES OF THE SKULL
FORAMEN AN OPENING TRHOUGH WHICH BLOOD VESSEL, NERVESM AND LIGAMENTS PASS
MEATUS OR CANAL A LONG TUBE-LIKE PASSAGE
SINUS OR ANTRUM A CAVITY WITHIN A BONE LIKE THE NASAL SINUSES OR FRONTAL SINUS
SULCUS A FURROW OR GROOVE LIKE THE INTERTUBERCULAR SULCUS
DIVISION OF THE SKELETON AXIAL AND APPENDICULAR SKELETON
AXIAL SKELETON SKELETON THAT CONSIST OF THE SKULL, THE HYOID BONE, THE VERTEBRAE, THE RIBS, AND THE STERNUM
Created by: 1205454630