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Anatomy Chapter 6

Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 6. Integumentary System

QuestionAnswer
TWO MAIN LAYERS EPIDERMIS AND DERMIS
EPIDERMIS THE OUTMOST OR EPIDERMAL LAYER OF THE SKIN. A LAYER OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE.
DERMIS/CORIUM THE LAYER THAT LIES DIRECTLY BENEATH THE EPIDERMIS. A LAYER OF DENSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT CONNECTS THE SKIN TO TISSUES BELOW IT. IT IS OFTEN REFERRED TO AS THE TRUE SKIN
SUBCUTANEOUS LAYER A LAYER LOCATED BENEATH THE DERMIS.
EPIDERMIS COMPONENTS STRATIFIED, SQUAMOUS, KERATINIZED EPITHELIAL CELLS
DESMOSOMES INTERLOCKING CELLULAR LINKS THAT HELD TOGETHER THE EPIDERMIS COMPONENTES. RESPONSIBLE FOR THE UNIQUE FLEXIBILITY, ENTIRETY AND WHOLE CONTINUOUS STRUCTURE OF THE SKIN.
KERATINIZATION PROCESS WHERE OLDER CELLS ARE PUSHED BY NEW CELLS AND EVENTUALLY DIE.
KERATIN A PROTEIN MATERIAL.
STRATA OR STRATUM DISTINCTIVE LAYERS OF THE EPIDERMIS
EPIDERMIS LAYERS STRATUM CORNEUM, STRATUM LUCIDUM, STRATUM GRANULOSUM, STRATUM SPINOSUM, AND STRATUM GERMINATIVUM
STRATUM CORNEUM THE STRATUM THAT FORMS THE OUTERMOST LAYER OF THE EPIDERMIS. IT FUNCTIONS AS A PHYSICAL BARRIER TO LIGHT AND HEAT WAVES, MICROORGANISMS AND MOST CHEMICALS.
CALLUS A THICKENED ARED FORMED BY EXCESSIVE AMOUNT OF ABBRASION OR FRICTION.
CORNS STRUCTURES PRODUCED BY ABRASION ON THE BONY PROMINENCES ON THE FOOT
STRATUM LUCIDUM THE STRATUM THAT LIES DIRECTLY BENEATH THE STRATUM CORNEUM BUT IS DIFFICULT TO SEE IN THINNER SKIN. CELLS ARE TRANSPARENTS AND FLAT.
STRATUM GRANULOSUM STRATUM THAT CONSIST OF TWO OR THREE LAYERS OF FLATTENED CELLS. IN THIS LAYER THE CELLS LOSE THEIR NUCLEI AND BECOME COMPACT AND BRITTLE
STRATUM SPINOSUM STRATUM THAT CONSIST OF SEVERAL LAYERS OF PRICKLY OR SPINY-SHAPED CELLS THAT ARE POLYHEFRON IN STRUCTURE.
STRATUM GERMINATIVUM STRATUM THAT IS THE DEEPEST AND MOST IMPORTANT LAYER OF THE SKIN BECAUSE IT CONTAINS THE ONLY CELLS OF THE EPIDERMIS THAT ARE CAPABLE OF DIVIDING BY MITOSIS
STRATUM BASALE A BASAL LAYER THAT RESTS ON THE BASEMENT MEMBRANE
MELANOCYTES CELLS THAT ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR PRODUCING SKIN COLOR.
MELANIN PIGMENT PRODUCES BY MELANOCYTES. RESPONSIBLE FOR VARIATIONS IN SKIN PIGMENTATION.
ALBINISM CONDITION WHERE ONE MUTATION CAUSES THE ABSENCE OF SKIN COLOR BY PREVENTING THE PRODUCTION OF MELANIN.
DERMIS COMPONENTES BLOOD VESSELS, NERVES, LYMPH VESSELS, SMOOTH MUSCLES, SWEAT GLANDS, HAIR FOLLICLES, AND SEBACEOUS GLANDS.
DERMIS PORTIONS PAPILLARY PORTION AND RETICULAR PORTION
PAPILLARY PORTION PORTION THAT IS THE AREA ADJACENT TO THE EPIDERMIS
RETICULAR PORTION PORTION THAT IS FOUND BETWEEN THE PAPILLARY PORTION AND THE FATTY SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE BENEATH.
HYPODERMIS OR SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE TISSUE THAT ATTACHES THE DERMIS TO UNDERLYING STRUCTURES LIKE MUSCLE OR BONE.
CYANOSIS A BLUISH DISCOLORATION OF SKIN
STRUCTURES OF SKIN HAIR, NAILS, SEBACEOUS GLANDS, CERUMINOUS GLANDS, OR WAX GLANDS IN THE EAR CANAL AND SWEAT GLANDS.
HAIR THE STRUCTURE OF SKIN THAT IF A MAIN CHARACTERISTIC OF MAMMALS.
HAIR COMPONENTES THE CUTICLE, THE CORTEX, AND THE MEDULLA
CUTICLE THE OUTERMOST PORTION OF THE HAIR
CORTEX THE PRINCIPAL PORTION OF THE HAIR
MEDULLA THE MIDDLE OR CENTRAL PART OF THE HAIR
SHAFT THE VISIBLE PART OF THE HAIR
ROOT FOUND IN AN EPIDERMAL TUBE CALLED THE HAIR FOLLICLE
HAIR FOLLICLE TUBE WHERE IS FOUND THE ROOT OF THE HAIR
ARRECTOR PILI MUSCLE BUNDLE OF SMOOTH MUSCLE FIBERS ATTACHED TO THE HAIR FOLLICLE
NAILS A MODIFICATION OF HORNY EPIDERMAL CELLS COMPOSED OF BERY HARD KERATIN. IT IS FOUND AT THE END OF FINGERS AND TOES
LUNULA THE WHITE CRESCENT ATHE PROXIMAL END OF EACH NAIL
NAIL BODY VISIBLE PART OF THE NAIL
NAIL ROOT PART OF THE NAIL ATTACHED TO THE NAIL BED
NAIL BED AREA THAT MAKED THE NAIL GROW
SEBACEOUS GLANDS GLANDS THAT ARE DEVELOPED ALONG THE WALLS OF HAIR FOLLICLES AND PRODUCE SEBUM
SEBUM AN OILY SUSBSTANCE THAT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR LUBRICATING THE SURFACE OF THE SKIN
SWEAT GLANDS SIMPLE TUBULAR GLANDS FOUND IN MOST PARTS OF THE BODY.
SKIN FUNCTIONS SENSATION, PROTECTION, THERMOREGULATION, AND SECRETION
SENSATION RECEPTOR SITES IN THE SKIN DETECT CHANGES IN THE EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT FOR TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE.
PROTECTION IT PREVENTS PASSAGE OF HARMFUL PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL AGENTS.
THERMOREGULATION REGULATES THE BODY TEMPERATURE BY BLOOD VESSEL DILATION AND CONSTRICTION IN THE DERMIS OF THE SKIN; SWEATIN IS AN EVAPORATION PROCESS THAT COOLS THE BODY
SECRETION PRODUCTION OF TWO SECRETION: SEBUM AND SWEAT.
FIRST-DEGREE BURN INVOLVE JUST THE EPIDERMIS
SECOND-DEGREE BURN INVOLVE BOTH EPIDERMIS AND DERMIS CAUSING REDNESS, PAIN, SWELLING, AND BLISTERS
THIRD-DEGREE BURN THE EPIDERMIS AND THE DERMIS ARE COMPLETELY DESTROYED
BASAL CELL CARCINOMA THE MOST COMMON TYPE OF SKIN CANCER
SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA THE FIRST DANGEROUS TYPE OF SKIN CANCER
MALIGNANT MELANOMA THE MOST DANGEROUS TYPE OF SKIN CANCER
RINGWORM CAUSED BY SEVERAL SPECIES OF FUNGUS
PSORIASIS CHRONIC SKIN DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY RED PATCHES COVERED WITH THICK, DRY, AND SILVERY SCALES
WARTS CAUSED BY HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS
COLD SORES KNOWN AS FEVER BLISTERS, CAUSED BY TYPE I HERPES
IMPETIGO HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS SKIN DISEASE OF CHILDREN CAUSED BY THE BACTERIUM STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
SHINGLES CAUSED BY THE CHICKENPOX VIRUS
VITILIGO SKIN DISEASE RESULTING IN IRREGULAR PATCHES OF SKIN
MOLES PRODUCES BY GROUPING OF MELANOCYTES
ALOPECIA LOSS OF HAIR, COMMONLY KNOWN AS BALDNESS
CHICKENPOX CAUSED BY THE VIRUS VARICELLA ZOSTER
POISON IVY DERMATITIS CAUSED BY CONTACT WITH CHEMICAL POISONS
PAPULE SKIN LESION THAT IS SOLID, SMALL ELEVATION
MACULE SKIN LESION THAT IS FLAT, SMALL DISCOLORATION
WHEAL SKIN LESION WITH A PALE OR REDDENED ELEVATION
FURUNCLE OR BOIL SKIN LESION CAUSED BY A STAPHYLOCOCCUS INFECTION OF HAIR FOLLICLE
PUSTULE SKIN LESION WITH A SMALL ELEVATION OF THE SKIN
CYST ENCAPSULATED SAC IN THE DERMIS OR UNDER THE SKIN
PARONYCHIA OCCURS WHEN THE FOLD OF SKIN AT THE EDGE OF THE NAIL BECOMES INFECTED
ONYCHOMYCOSIS FUNGAL INFECTION OF THE NAIL RESULTING IN DRY, THICKENED, AND BRITTLE NAILS
ONYCHOCRYPTOSIS KNOWN AS AN INGROWN TOENAIL
Created by: 1205454630