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A & P I Chapter 4

Key Terms

The series of chemical reactions necessary for the use of raw material. metabolism
Organic compounds composed of: C, H and O Carbohydrates
Burned immediately for fuel, stored as glycogen and stored as fat and burned as fuel later. Glucose
Oxygen present Aerobic Catabolism
Oxygen absent Anaerobic Catabolism
Organic compounds commonly called fats and oils Lipids (fats)
Most abundant organic matter in the body Proteins
Building blocks of proteins Amino acid
The elimination of nitrogen Urea
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a base. Nucleotides
DNA and RNA are composed of Nucleic Acids
Genetic information for proten synthesis stored on one strand Genetic Code
Code copier for protein synthesis mRNA
Code reader for protein synthesis tRNA
Building up of anabolism
(1) carbohydrates Monosaccharides
What sugar is called in the body Glucose
What are the three types of carbohydrates? Mono, di and poly
Created by: davisgl68



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