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Anatomy Chapter1

Fundamentals of Anatomy Physiology Chapter 1 - The Human Body

QuestionAnswer
ANATOMY STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE OR MORPHOLOGY OF THE BODY AND HOW THE BODY IS ORGANIZED
PHYSIOLOGY STUDY OF THE FUNCTIONS OF BODY PARTS, WHAT THEY DO AND HOW THEY DO IT
PATHOLOGY STUDY OF THE DISEASES OF THE BODY
LEONARDO DA VINCI THE FIRST TO CORRECTLY ILLUSTRATE THE HUMAN SKELETON WITH ALL OF ITS BONES
ANDREAS VESALIUS WROTE A BOOK ON THE HUMAN BODY
WILLIAM HARVEY DISCOVERED HOW BLOOD CIRCULATES THROUGH THE BODY
SUPERIOR UPPERMOST OR ABOVE
INFERIOR LOWERMOST OR BELOW
ANTERIOR TOWARD THE FRONT
VENTRAL BELLY SIDE
POSTERIOR TOWARD THE BACK
DORSAL BACK SIDE
CEPHALAD OR CRANIAL TOWARD THE HEAD
CAUDAL ANOTHER TERM FOR INFERIOR
MEDIAL NEAREST THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY
LATERAL TOWARD THE SIDE OR AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY
PROXIMAL NEAREST THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT OR ORIGIN
DISTAL AWAY FROM THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT OR ORIGIN
MIDISAGITTAL PLANE PLANE THE VERTICALLY DIVIDES THE BODY THROUGHT HE MIDLINE INTO TWO EQUAL LEFT AND RIGHT PORTIONS OR HALVES
SAGITTAL PLANE ANY PLANE PARALLEL TO THE MIDSAGITTAL OR MEDIAN PLANE VERTICALLY DIVINDING THE BODY INTO UNEQUAL RIGHT AND LEFT PORTIONS
HORIZONTAL OR TRANSVERSE PLANE ANY PLANE DIVIDING THE BOSY INTO SUPERIOR AND INDERIOR PORTIONS
FRONTAL OR CORONAL PLANE PLANE THAT DIVIDES THE AND TERIOR AND POSTERIOR PORTIONS OF THE BODY
VISCERA THE ORGAN OF ANY CAVITY
TWO MAJOR CAVITIES DORSAL CAVITY AND VENTRAL CAVITY
DORSAL CAVITY MAJOR CAVITY THAT CONTAINS ORGANS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM THAT COORDINATE THE BODY'S FUNCTIONS. DIVIDED INTO THE CRANIAL AND SPINAL CAVITIES
CRANIAL CAVITY CAVITY THAT CONTAINS THE BRAIN
SPINAL CAVITY CAVITY THAT CONTAINS THE SPINAL CORD
VENTRAL CAVITY MAJOR CAVITY THAT CONTAINS ORGANS THAT ARE INVOLVED IN MAINTAINING HOMEOSTASIS OR A CONSTANTE INTERNAL ENVIROMENT. DIVIDED INTO THORACIC AND ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITIES
THORACIC CAVITY CAVITY THAT IS SURROUNDED BY THE RIB CAGE. CONTAINS THE HEART AND THE LUNGS
PERICARDIAL CAVITY CAVITY LOCATED IN THE THORACIC CAVITY THAT CONTAINS THE HEART
PLEURAL CAVITIES CAVITY LOCATED IN THE THORACIC CAVITY THAT CONTAINS EACH LUNGS
MEDIASTINUM SPACE FOUND BETWEEN THE TWO PLEURAL CAVITIES. IT CONTAINS THE HEART, THYMUS GLAND, LYMPH AND BLOOD VESSELS, TRACHEA, ESOPHAGUS, AND NERVES
DIAPHRAGM SEPARATES THE THORACIC CAVITY FROM THE ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY
ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY CAVITY THAT CONTAINS THE KIDNEYS, STOMACH, LIVER AND GALLBLADDER, SMALL AND LARGE INTESTINES, SPLEEN, PANCREAS, AND THE OVARIES AND UTERUS IN WOMEN
PARIETAL REFERS TO THE WALLS OF A CAVITY
VISCERAL REFERS TO THE COVERING ON AN ORGAN
PROTOPLASM THE LIQUID PART OF A CELL
CELL THE SMALLEST UNIT OF LIFE. THE BASIC UNIT OF BIOLOGIC ORGANIZATION
DIVERSE TISSUES OF THE BODY CATEGORIES EPITHELIAL, CONNECTIVE, MUSCLE, NERVOUS
EPITHELIAL TISSUE TISSUE THAT COVERS SURFACES AND PROTECTS, FORMS GLANDS, AND LINES CAVITIES OF THE BODY
CONNECTIVE TISSUE TISSUE THAT BINDS TOGETHER AND SUPPORTS OTHER TISSUES AND ORGANS
MUSCLE TISSUE TISSUE THAT IS CHARACTERIZED BY ELONGATED CELLS THAT GENERATE MOVEMENT BY SHORTENING OR CONTRACTING IN A FORCIBLE MANNER.
TYPES OF MUSCLE TISSUE SKELETAL OR VOLUNTARY, SMOOTH OR INVOLUNTARY, AND CARDIAC MUSCLE
SKELETAL OR VOLUNTARY MUSCLE MUSCLE THAT PULLS ON BONES AND CAUSES BOFY MOVEMENTS
SMOOTH OR INVOLUNTARY MUSCLE MUSCLE IS FOUND IN THE INTESTINES WHERE IT PUSHES FOOD ALONG THE DIGESTIVE TRACT
CARDIAC MUSCLE MUSCLE FOUND ONLY IN THE HEART
SYSTEMS INTEGUMENTARY, SKELETAL, MUSCULAR, NERVOUS, ENDOCRINE, CARDIOVASCULAR, LYMPHATIC, RESPIRATORY, DIGESTIVE, URINARY, AND REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM SYSTEM THAT INSULATES, PROTECTS, AND REGULATES THE BODY. EPIDERMIS AND DERMIS. SKIN, HAIR, NAILS, SEBACEOUS GLANDS, AND SWEAT GLANDS
SKELETAL SYSTEM SYSTEM THAT PROTECTS THE SOFT AND VITAL PATS OF THE BODY AND PROVIDES SUPPORT FOR BODY TISSUES. BONES, CARTILLAGES, AND MEMBRANOUS STRUCTURES.
MUSCULAR SYSTEM SYSTEM THAT PULLS ON BONES TO ALLOW MOVEMENT; PUSHES FOOD AND BLOOD. MUSCLES, FASCIAE, TENDON SHEATHS, AND BURSAE
NERVOUS SYSTEM SYSTEM THAT CONTROLLS, CORRELATES, AND REGULATES THE OTHER SYSTEMS OF THE BODY. BRAIN, SPINAL CORD, CRANIAL NERVES, PERIPHERAL VERVES, AND SENSORY AND MOTOR STRUCTURES
ENDOCRINES SYSTEM SYSTEM THAT PRODUCES HORMONES THAT CHEMICALLY REGULATE THE BODY'S FUNCTIONS. MASTES GLANDS, PITUITARY GLANDS, THYROID, ADRENAL GLANDS, OVARIES, AND TESTES
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM SYSTEM THAT PUMPS AND DISTRIBUTES BLOOD TO AND FROM THE CELLS OF THE BODY. HEART, ARTERIES, VEINS, AND CAPILLARIES
LYMPHATIC SYSTEM SYSTEM THAT DRAIN TISSUE SPACES OF EXCESS INTERSTITIAL FLUIDS AND ABSORBS FATS FROM THE INTESTINE AND CARRY THEN TO THE BLOOD. LYMPH NODES, THE THYMUS GLAND, THE SPEEN, AND THE LYMP VESSELS
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM SYSTEM THAT BRINGS OXYGEN TO AND ELIMINATES CARBON DIOXIDE FRON THE BLOOD. NASAL CAVITIES, PHARYNX, LARYNX, TRACHEA, BRONCHI, AND LUNGS
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM SYSTEM THAT CONVERT FOOD INTO SIMPLER SUBSTANCES TO THE CELLS AND ELIMINATES WASTES. MOUTH, ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, SMALL AND LARGE INTESTINES, RECTUM, AND ANUS.
URINARY SYSTEM SYSTEM THAT REGULATES THE BLOOD, FORMS AND ELIMINATES THE URINE, AND DO THE MANTAINANCE OF HOMEOSTASIS
REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM SYSTEM THAT MANTAINANCE OF SEXUAL CHARACTERISTICS AND PERPERTUATION OF SPECIES. OVARIES, UTERINE TUBES, UTERUS, VAGINA, TESTES, VAS DEFERENS, SEMINAL VESICLES, PROSTATE GLAND, PENIS, AND THE URETHRA
HOMEOSTASIS THE MAINTENANCE OF THE INTERNAL ENVIROMENT OF THE BODY. ESSSENCIAL TO SURVIVAL. BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS, BODY TEMPERATURE, HEART RATE, AND THE FLUID ENVIRONMENT.
CLAUDE BERNARD FIRST TO DISCUSS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF HOMEOSTASIS TO THE SURVIVAL OF AN ORGANISM
Created by: 1205454630