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MedTerm Chapter 10

Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach

pronation turns the palm down
supination turns the palm up
inversion moves the sole of the foot inward
eversion moves the sole of the foot outward
dorsiflexion elevates the foot
plantar flexion lowers the foot (points the toes)
ankyl/o stiffness; bent, crooked
arthr/o joint
kyph/o humpback
lamin/o lamina
lord/o curve, swayback
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
ped/o foot; child
ped/i foot; child
scoli/o crooked, bent
thorac/o chest
brachi/o arm
carp/o wrist bones
cephal/o head
cost/o ribs
crani/o skull
femor/o femur
lumb/o lumbar (lower back)
pelv/i pelvis
pod/o foot
radi/o radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone)
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
chondr/o cartilage
fasci/o band, fascia
synov/o synovial membrane; synovial fluid
-asthenia weakness, debility
-clasia to break; surgical fracture
-malacia softening
-sarcoma malignant tumor of connective tissue
strain muscular trauma caused by violent contraction or excessive stretch
sprain tearing of ligament tissue
NSAIDs Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Created by: lnesmoe