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Technology advancements these may include: organ transplants, microscopic and robotic surgery, gene therapy, and targeted drug therapy
Ancient Times Home remedies were used & rituals performed to drive away the evil spirits; diseases were though to be caused by supernatural; life span was only 20-35 yrs
Ancient times Hippocrates of Cos (460-379 B.C.) most famous Greek physician stressed observation and conservative treatment "Father of Medicine" used dietetics as a means of balancing the humors, if diet failed, then he wld use drugs or surgery
Medieval Times 2 plagues killed majority of people and led to breakdown in civilization Christianity became center of power; they emphasized saving the soul, not body most physicians were clergymen & no longer able to perform surgery
Medieval Times Title doctor became known & major medical legislation was written in 1140-1224 that specified a 9-yr curriculum with state examinations and licenses Black Plague,1348, killed large % of European population; quarantine-preventive measure was recognized
Medieval Times network of hospitals built-it marked new & more humane, a refuge for the sick, old, disabled, or homeless
Renaissance revival of learning & science 1st attempts to connect autopsy results w/clinical observations made during life; Girolamo Fracastoro, 1546, wrote about the 1st theory of contagious diseases printing press invented; new info and books
Renaissance invention-gun powder need for surgical treatment of wounds elevated barber-surgeons to a higher status
17th Century Increase interest-experimentation & observation;studies in anatomy continued physiology was also investigated
17th Century William Harvey, Englishman,stated that blood circulates throughout the body with a network of vessels-blood could be transfused
17th Century 1666-Anton van Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope-study of microscopic anatomy & visualization of organism now possible
17th Century Quinine imported from Peru as a cure for malaria-separated from other types of fevers study of the brain and psychology was of interest-nervous system & stimulation of muscles discovered; long-believed theory mucus was produced by a brain was disapprov
18th Century Surgery became a respected form of treatment in France after the court physician successfully repaired an anal fistula for King Louis XIV 1761-Giovanni Battista Morgagni published a book called On the Sites and Causes of Diseases
18th Century 1761-Giovanni Battista Morgagni of Padua published a book-On the Sites and Causes of Disease-Emphasis changed from concentration on general conditions and humors to specific changes in organs
18th Century techniques for measuring blood pressure/temperature were used to measure vital signs were used to monitor patient status "Enlightment" was developed-numerous studies & experiments added expanding knowledge
18th Century increased pace of progress because the sharing of the knowledge; science of chemistry came of age-digestion was now considered chemical not mechanical mentally ill patients were released from their chains & treated in a humane way
18th Century Sanitary reform was initiated in hospitals, prisons, and military; personal hygiene was improved child health increased/decrease in infants/children Edward Jenner (1749-1823) vaccination with cowpox provides immunity for smallpox;lives were saved
19th Century 1st time surgical operational were performed, tracheostomy, removal of thyroid and uterus developments started in pediatrics, psychiatry, dermatology, public health, preventive medicine
19th Century Increase in medical knowledge was acquired & documented Study shifted from practicing physicians to full-time scientific researches more powerful microscopes were developed-could be seen at cellular level
19th Century Laboratory tests for diagnostic became common Metabolism and dietetics came under scientific study
19th Century Large scale surgery could be done, death rates fell as anesthesia decreased shock and need for speed in surgery
19th Century Elizabeth Blackwell (1821-1910)-1st woman MD; medical education opened for the 1st time to a female Louis Pasteur, 1822-1895, chemist,proved that bacteria are the cause of specific diseases in both humans/animals...nursing was established in the US
19th Century con't Louis Pasteur, 1822-1895, chemist, created the development of the germ theory; revolutionized the ability to prevent, diagnose, and treat infectious diseases.
20th Century 1921, Karl Landsteiner of Vienna discovered blood groups-made transfusion of blood products safe for the first time in history
20th Century F.G. Banting of Toronto identified insulin in 1921 for treatment of diabetes, was no longer considered a fatal disease, could managed w/injections of insulin
20th Century life span was 70-80 years Geriatrics became a specialty, Chronic illnesses were very common
20th Century mental illness became an increasing problem in modern society; shock treatment & psychosurgery were replaced w/new drugs and psychotherapy
trauma center treats life threatening injuries
emergency room treats conditions that occur suddenly and require immediate attention
intensive care unit (ICU) provides specialized equipment and continuous care and monitoring for patient with serious illnesses
cardiac care unit (CCU) provides specialized equipment and continuous care and monitoring for patients with serious heart
General unit Provides care for patient who are seriously ill but d not need a high level of specialized equipment and continuous nursing care
transitional care unit (TCU) provides lower level care while patients needs are assessed and arrangement made to release patients to return home or enter another care facility.
long term care facility nursing homes-skilled & intermediate adult foster home assisted living residence continuing care community
home health care providers shorter hospital stays increase in the older population advances in equipment that allow more technical procedures to be carried out in the home
hospice provides care palliative care but doesn't cure
state health departments license health care personnel, hospitals, and nursing homes, monitor chronic and communicable diseases provide laboratory services establish health data systems conduct public health planning
local health departments collect vital statistics conduct sanitation inspections provide health education screen for diseases cancer/diabetes carry out insect control measures supervise water & sewage systems provide immunizations operated venereal diseases provide counse
Created by: 100000296951062