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Bemidji HS-Civics

Civics Chapter 4

civil liberty the freedom to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair treatment
free speech the right to say our opinions, in public or in private, without fear of being stopped or punished
censorship the banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas they contain
petition a formal request for government action
slander spoken untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
libel written untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
accused a person officially charged with a crime
probable cause a strong reason to think that a person or property was involved in a crime
search warrant a court allowing police to search property and seize evidence
indictment a document issued by a grand jury to charge someone with a crime
double jeopardy putting someone on trial for a crime of which he or she was previously found innocent
self-incrimation giving evidence about yourself that could lead to you being found guilty of a crime
due process following established legal procedures
eminent domain the right of the government to take private property- usually land- for public use
bail a sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person who is released from jail returns for his or her trail.
black codes laws from after the Civil War that kept African Americans from holding certain jobs, gave them few property rights, and limited their rights in other ways
suffrage the right to vote
poll tax a sum of money required of voters before they are permitted to cast a ballot
discrimination unfair treatment based on prejudice against a certain group
segragation the social separation of the races
"Jim Crow" law Southern segregation law
civil rights the rights of full citizenship and equality under the law
nonviolent resistance peaceful protest against laws believed to be unfair
sit-in the act of occupying seats or sitting down on the floor of an establishment as a form of organized protest
hate crime a violent act against a person because of his or her race, color, national origin, gender or disability
Created by: enjoy22