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MedTerm Chapter 4

Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach

Abduction Movement away from midsagittal plane of body
Adduction Movement towards midsagittal plane of body
Medial Pertaining to the midline of the body or structure
Lateral Pertaining to a side
Superior (cephalad) Toward the head or upper portion of a structure
Inferior (caudal) Away from the head or toward the tail or lower part of a sturcture
Proximal Nearer to the center (trunk of body)
Distal Further from the center (trunk of body)
Anterior (ventral) Front of body
Posterior (dorsal) Back of body
Parietal Pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity
Visceral Pertaining to the viscera or internal organs
Prone Lying on the abdomen, face down
Supine Lying horizontally on the back, face up
Inversion Turning inward or inside out
Eversion Turning outward
Palmar Pertaining to the palm of the hand
Plantar Pertaining to the sole of the foot
Superficial Toward the surface of the body
Deep Away from the surface of the body
cyt/o cell
hist/o tissue
anter/o anterior/front
caud/o tail
cephal/o head
dist/o far, farthest
dors/o back (of body)
infer/o lower, below
later/o side, to one side
gastr/o stomach
cervic/o neck, cervix uteri
inguin/o groin
thorac/o chest
albin/o white
cirrh/o yellow
cyan/o blue
idi/o unknown
path/o disease
viscer/o internal organs
tom/o to cut
xer/o dry
son/o sound
eti/o cause
melan/o black
spin/o spine
ili/o ilium
Created by: lnesmoe