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Chapter 1 and 2

Terms and questions

Question or termAnswer
-gram record or picture
aden/o gland
adipose fat
-algia pain
anti- against
anterior front or belly side of body
brady- slow
cell smallest unit in the body
chondr/o cartilage
coronal plane divides body into front and back portions, a vertical lengthwise plane running from side to side
dorsal Back or spinal cord side of body
dys- painful, difficult
-ectomy to remove
endocrinologist specializes in treatment of endocrine glands, the glands which secrete hormones into the bloodstream
gastroenterology the study of the gastrointestinal system
gastr/o stomach
gynecologist specializes in the female reproductive system
hemat/o blood
hyper- over, above
inferior toward the feet or tail, or below another structure
internist specializes in diseases and condition of internal organs, such as the respiratory system
-itis inflammation
lateral referring to side
-logy study of
malacia abnormal softening
nephr/o kidney
neurologist specializes in nerves and the nervous system
opthalm/o eye
-otomy to cut into
opthamologist eye specialist
pathology report report given by pathologist who studies tissue removed from patient
-plasty to repair
posterior more toward the back or spinal cord side of the body
prone position body lying horizontally and facing downward
pseudo- false
retro- behind, backward
sagittal vertical or median plane
superior more toward the head, or above another structure
supine position body lying horizontally and facing upward
urologist specialist in urology and the male reproductive system
ventral pertaining to belly side
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
a- without, away from
Pathologist Examines tissue removed from patient for diseases
Histologist Studies tissue
What are the main organs in the RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT? Gall bladder and liver
What are the main organs in the LEFT UPPER QUADRANT? spleen, stomach, colon and pancreas
What are the main organs in the RIGHT LEFT QUADRANT? colon, appendix, right ovary, right fallopian tube, ureter
What are the main organs in the LOWER LEFT QUADRANT? Colon, small intestines, left ureter, left ovary, left fallopian tube
superficial more towards the surface of the body
deep further away from the surface of the body
What does a suffix indicate? condition, disease or procedure
What are the types of connective tissue? bone, cartilage, fat and tendons
Describe the anatomical position The anatomical position is the patient in the lateral position, feet together and even with the hip line and palms facing outward
What are the main contents of the DORSAL CAVITY? Brain and spinal cord
What are the main contents of the THORACIC CAVITY? Heart, lungs and the mediastinum
What are the main contents of the ABDOMINAL CAVITY? Stomach, spleen, liver, gall bladder, pancreas and small intestines
What are the main contents of the PELVIC CAVITY? Urinary bladder, ureters, urethra, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, prostate gland
What are the 9 anatomical divisions of the abdomen? Left hypochondriac, right hypochondriac, epigastric, right lumbar, left lumbar, umbilical, right iliac, left iliac, hypogastric
What are the parts of the integumentary system? Hair, skin, nails, sweat glands and sebaceous glands
What is the endocrine system composed of? Glands
Created by: ginsup