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ST240 Final Exam

QuestionAnswer
Two Principal Divisions of Nervous System peripheral and central
Part of neuron that carries impulses to the cell body dendrites
part of neuron that carries impulses away from cell body axon
types of neurons that carry impulses away from the brain and spinal cord motor / efferent
types of neurons that carry impulses to the brain and spinal cord sensory / afferent
interneurons connect none of the above
cells that produce myelin for the cells of the brain and spinal cord oligodendrocytes
cells that are important in the blood brain barrier astrocytes
cells that produce myelin outside the brain and spinal cord Schwann cells
synapse is a gap between neurons, crossed by a chemical, separates the axon end of the neuron and the dendrite of the next
vital centers (ex. respiratory) are located in medulla oblongata
coordination of muscle movement and the maintenance of equilibrium cerebellum
the right and the left sides of the cerebrum are connected by the corpus callosum
tough outer layer of the meninges dura mater
an efferent neuron carries impulses in the direction opposite of both sensory and afferent
the lobe of the brain that deals with the vision occipital
Which nervous system makes up part of the autonomic nervous system both the parasympathetic and sympathetic
Which nervous system dominates the control of effector organs under normal, everyday conditions parasympathetic nervous system
portion of the neuron that receives information dendrites
the fluid portion of blood plasma
term that refers to the formation of red blood cells erythropoiesis
universal donors have what blood type O
the use of one's own blood for the purpose of transfusion during a surgical procedure is autologous
thrombocytes are also known as platelets
what organ breaks down and removes old RBC's spleen
pulmonary vein returns oxygen-rich blood left atrium
innermost layer of the heart endocardium
pacemaker of the heart SA sinoartrial node
outermost layer of the heart visceral pericardium and epicardium
blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart veins
tricuspid valve is located between right atrium and right ventricle
right side of the heart deals with oxygen-poor blood
first blood vessel of systemic circulation aorta
heart is supplied with blood by arteries that branch directly from the aorta
correct sequence for the conducting system sinoatrial node, AV node, AV bundle and purkinje fibers
last blood vessel of pulmonary circulation pulmonary vein
heart is located left of the midline of the sternum
when the left ventricle contracts, it pushes blood through a valve to the aorta
medical term for the heart presenting on the right side of the thorax dextrocardia
the _______ is the outer most layers of the heart parietal pericardium
lub is the closing of and dub is the closing of cuspid valves, semilunar valves
what is the medical term for a heart attack myocardio infarction
_____________ is the volume of blood ejected from one ventricle with each beat stroke volume
in fetal circulation, __________ is the connection between the two (2) atriums foramen ovale
examples of laryngospasms except coughing, choking and turning blue
what is another term for spinal anesthesia intrathecal
naming category not used in a health care setting street name
LSD would be placed in which classification of controlled substances class 1
period of time during which the drug is at it's maximum effectiveness peak effect
the breakdown of metabolism metabolites
the study of the process of the drug as it passes through the pharmacokinetics
how are most drugs absorbed by the body passive transport
which of the following is NOT a drug administration route biodegradable
what is the medical term for normal breathing eupnea
phases of anesthesia except post induction
during which phase of general anesthesia would the risk of aspiration be the greatest induction
a route of administration that is given into the subarachnoid space intrathecal
reason to perform a specific procedure or prescribe a certain drug indication
what is the topical agent used by peripheral vascular and neurosurgeons to dilate blood vessels papaverine HCI
placed under tongue sublingual
treats malignant hyperthermia dantrolene
in pharmacokinetics, metabolism is also called biotransformation
nontraditional type of anesthesia in US acupuncture
drugs which begin with a natural substance that is then chemically altered semisynthetic
examples of regional anesthesia except monitored anesthesia care
which anatomical organ does biotransformation of drugs most often take place liver
widely accepted list of safety measures is entitles the six ______ of Medication administration rights
route of administration that is given between the layers of the skin dermal
what is the primary cause of malignant hyperthermia overdose of succinylcholine
both organisms benefit from each other mutualism
most HAI's are the cause of UTIs
indigenous microflora is often referred to as opportunistic
neutralism is a sub category of commensalism
a microbe that produces waste products that are toxic to other microbes antagonism
one organism benefits but the host neither benefits or is harmed commensalism
one organism benefits but the other is harmed parasitism
a mutualistic bacteria that aids in the host in blood clot formation E. coli
HAIs are commonly referred to as nosocomial
synergism is a subcategory mutualism
which term means the number of microbes or amount of organic debris on an object at any given time bioburden
which of the following chemicals is a high-level disinfectant when items are immersed for 20-30 mins and a sterilant if items remain immersed for 10 hours glutaraldyhyde
which part of the instrument reprocessing cycle is performed intraoperatively wiping with sterile water
what is the type of process the ultrasonic cleaner uses to dislodge minute particles of soil and organic debris cavitation
which type of packaging system has filters and removable locking devices rigid containers
what is the weight the AAMI say not to exceed 25 pounds
which of the following is the type of dating system that denotes the number of the calendar day in 1 through 265/266 julian
which sterilization method is most commonly used, safest, least expensive, and appropriate for the majority of surgical instruments saturated steam
biological indicator for the steam sterilization method geobacillus stearothermophilus
contamination caused by passage of microorganisms through a sterilized package by way of moisture wicking is termed strike-through
which sterilization method presents the greatest exposure risk to CSPD personnel, is expensive and requires the longest total cycle time ethylene oxide
cidex is the trade name for glutaraldyhyde
distance of wrapper from edge 1 in away edge
what term refers to a barrier that does not allow passage of liquid impervious
two types of cells in the nervous system neurons and glia cells
indentations between Schwann cells Nodes of Ranvier
white mater has myelin sheath
important in regulating body temperature hypothalamus
deepest grooves in the cerebrum fissures
peripheral nervous system consists of _____ cranal nerves and _____ spinal nerves 12 pairs, 31 pairs
fight or flight response sympathetic
normal, everyday response parasympathetic
layers of the meninges dura mater, pia mater and arachnoid
how many cranial nerves 24
the protein that is necessary for the transport of oxygen molecules to cells in the body hemoglobin
other names for cuspid valve mitral valve, bicuspid valve, LVA left atrioventricular valve
blunt point of the heart apex
medical procedure where a vein from another part of the body is used to go around a blocked artery in the heart CABG
involved in the contraction of the ventricles bundle of His and purkinje fibers
type of wrapper that is compatible with hydrogen peroxide gas plasma sterilization method Tyvek
relationship between steam pressure and steam sterilizer increased pressure increased temperature
physical or chemical process by which all living microorganisms, including spores, are killed sterilization
term for inanimate objects that harbor microorganisms that contribute to environmental contamination fomites
which of the following would be appropriate for use on animate surfaces antiseptic
not a classification for patient care items hypercritical
noncritical patient care items pulse oximeters
term for surg tech's skin after surgical scrub surgically clean
type of chemical solution made of catalysts that aid in breaking down proteinaceous debris such as blood and fat enzymatic
common name for high-level sodium hypochlorite bleach
another name for intermediate-level disinfectant phenol carbolic acid
appropriate for surgical instruments covered with bioburden during a surgery sterile water
term for case over and clean room for next case turnover
types of instruments must be cleaned with bristle-brushes on wires, etc suction tip lumens
term for the process of lubricating stainless steel instruments milking
type of surgical instrument that should never be immersed powered
before opening package must check for integrity
acceptable position of ST with gowned and gloved clasped in front at waist level
sterile to sterile personnel should never pass front to back
nonsterile person should approach field while maintaining distance of 12 inches away
most important factor for the ST to always maintain strict surgical conscience
replaced previous system and is now used today event related
method of sterilization uses gamma rays or beta particles ionizing radiation
biological indicator for hydrogen peroxide gas plasma bacillus atropheaus
Bowie-Dick test is performed for which prevaccum air removal steam
should never be processed by immediate-use sterilization implantable devices
quality control device that turns paper black chemical indicator
steam biological indicator should be incubated for 24 hours
the advantage for using ethylene oxide it is safe for heat and moisture sensitive items
method of chemical sterilization has limitations based on the challenge of diffusion into narrow lumens hydrogen peroxide gas plasma
why are instruments placed in perforated trays penetration of sterilant
wound that is not sutured and that gradually fills in by granulation heals by second intention
techniques of eliminating dead space except electrical nerve stimulation
postop complication that most be operated immediately evisceration
phase of healing that starts within minutes of first intention inflammatory
name of a raised, hypertrophic scar keloid
greatest strength tissue layer fascia
term for the removal of foreign material debridement
evisceration of an abdominal wound is protrusion of the viscera
type of healing that occurs with good approximation and ideal surgical conditions first
if tissue is approximated to tightly ischemia
primary union wound healing occurs side to side
inflammation is a normal response of the body
class 1 wound no breaks in technique
wound classification for vaginal hysterectomy class 2
purulent wound treated by debridement and placement of medicated packing, then sutured after resolution of the infection heals by third intention
Created by: vero0920