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Unit 4 Vocab

TermDefinition
prosecution the party who starts the legal proceedings against another party for a violation of the law ( always the government)
Plaintiff A person or party filling a law suit
Grand Jury A group of citizen that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of crime
Indictment A grand jury (or judge) hears evidence and formally charges the suspect with the crime
Stare Decisis the practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding cases ( Latin for "let the decision stand"
writ of habeas corpus a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
Bills of attainder a law that punishes a person accused of crime without trial or fair hearing in court
Ex Post Facto law a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
due process of law procedures established by law and guaranteed by the Constitution
Plea Barganinng a negotiation between the defense attorney and the prosecutor who is the government attorney. offers the defendant the opportunity to plead guilty fro a lesser penalty
Created by: _martinez_