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Integumentary System

Anatomy Class 1

TermDefinition
Pruritus severe itching
Ecchymosis bruise/a black and blue mark
Dermic pertaining to the skin
Macule medical term for freckle
Cyano combing form for blue
Erythema redness of the skin
Metastasis secondary growth from a malignant tumor
Edema swelling
oma suffix for tumor
Turgor elastic property of the skin
Dysplasia abnormally large cell with a increased number or cells and are abnormal
Ulcer open sore on the skin or mucous membrane that can bleed
Xantho combing form for yellow
Petechiae reddish brown spot on the skin which can indicate a bleeding tendency
Hyperplasia increased number of cells
bid twice a day
qid four times a day
tid three times a day
four functions of the skin 1 maintains hemostasis 2 maintains body temp 3 prevents infections 4 protects the underlying tissue and organs from injury
Vesicle small fluid filled sac
Bulla large fluid filled sac
Pusule pus filled sac
Impetigo contagious bacterial infection of the skin, common in young children
Folliculitis superficial infection of a hair follicle
Furuncle boil, deep seated infection of a hair follicle or gland
Carbuncle infected hair follicles or several furuncles joined together in a mass- subcutaneous
Herpes Simplex cold sores, fever blister, genital herpes(II)
Serpes Zoster shingles, caused by chicken pox virus
Verruca wart or warty skin lesion
Tinea Capitis affects the scalp
Tinea Corporis manifests on hairless portions of the body
Tinea Cruris jock itch- affects groin area
Teinea Pedis athlete's foot
Tinea Unguium nails
Tinea Vesicolor affects the trunk, multi color rash
Eczema inflammatory skin disorder, usually involves only the epidermal layer
Seborrheic Dermatitis acute-cradle cap chronic-drandruff over production of sebum
Urticaria hives, acute inflammatory reaction of the dermis
Acne inflammatory disease of the sebaeous glands
Psoriasis chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by bright red plaques covered with dry silvery scales
Keloid over production of scar tissue-does not resolve over time
Alopecia baldness
Basal Cell slow growing cancer, most common, least dangerous
Squamous Cell less common, slow growing with spread
Malignant Melanoma cancer of the skin that forms from melanocytes, most dangerous
Severity of burn determined by amount of body surface burned and location
Staging of burn burn degree/depth
PPE personal protective equipment
I & D incise and drain
ulcer Stage I red intact skin
ulcer Stage II partial thickness skin loss
ulcer Stage III full thickness skin loss
ulcer Stage IV full thickness with damage to muscle bone
Albinism no melanin in skin, hair, and eyes
Vitiligo progressive destruction of melanocytes
Leukoderma skin pigment destroyed by trauma
First Degree Burn redding of skin, no blister
Second Degree Burn redding of skin, blister, painful
Third Degree Burn full thickness burn, exposure of muscle,tendons, and bone- painful
Created by: amandamiddleton