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Anatomy & Physiology

QuestionAnswer
Acetabular pertaining to the acetabulum.
Calcaneal pertaining to calcaneus (heel bone).
Carpal pertaining to the wrist.
Cervical pertaining to the neck; cervix.
Clavicular pertaining to clavicle (collar bone).
Coccygeal pertaining to the coccyx (tail bone)
Costal cartilage posteriorly and to the sternum and to the sternum anteriorly.
Cranial pertaining to the cranium (skull).
Femoral pertaining to the femur (thigh bone)
Fibular pertaining to the fibula (lower leg bone).
Fontanel large areas of fibrous connective tissue in the uterus.
Frontal pertaining to the front.
Humeral pertaining to the humerus (upper arm bone).
Iliac The most superior of the hip bones.
Intervertebral pertaining to between the vertebra.
Ischial pertaining to the ischium (hip bone).
Lacrimal pertaining to tears.
Lumbar pertaining to the lower back; area between the ribs and pelvis.
Mandibular pertianing to the mandible (lower jaw).
Mastoid resembling a breast; mastoid process.
Maxillary pertaining to the maxilla (upper jaw bone).
Metacarpal pertaining to after the wrist.
Metatarsal midfoot contains five; one for each toe.
Musculoskeletal pertaining to the skeleton muscle. (The skeleton system)
Occiptal Pertaining to the occiput (back of the head).
Olecranon a large square projection that forms the point of the elbow.
Parietal pertaining to the wall of a cavity.
Patellar pertaining to the petella (kneecap).
Pelvic pertaining to the hip bone; renal pelvis.
Phalangeal pertaining to the phalanx (fingers or toes).
Pubic pertaining to the pubis (hip bone).
Radial pertaining to the raduis (forearm bone);x-rays; radiation.
Sacral pertaining to the sacrum.
Sagittal relating to the suture on top of the skull that runs between the parietal bones in a front to back direction.
Scapular pertaining to scapula (shoulder blade).
Sternal pertaining to the sternum (breast bone).
Tarsal pertaining to the ankle.
Temporal pertaining to the temple (side of the head).
Thoracic pertaining to the thorax (chest).
Tibial pertaining to the tibia (shine bone).
Ulnar pertaining to the ulna (forearm bone).
Vertebral pertaining to the vertebra.
Xiphoid resembling a sword.
Bone tumor the cells that form new bones.
Degenerative pertaining to the reversal of production.
Dislocation Displacement of the end of a bone from its normal position within a joint.
Fracture Broken bone due to an accident.
Hemarthrosis Blood in the joint cavity from blunt trauma or a penetrating wound.
Kyphosis Abnormal, excessive, posterior curvature of the thoracic spine.
Lordosis Abnormal, excessive, anterior curvature of the lumbar spine.
Osteoarthritis Chronic inflammatory disease of the joints.
Osteoporosis Abnormal thinning of the bone.
Osteomyelitis Infection in the bone and the bone marrow.
Osteosarcoma A malignant bone tumor in which the osteblasts multiply uncontrollably.
Rheumatoid arthritis Acute and chronic inflammatory disease of connective tissue.
Scoliosis Abnormal, excessive, C-shaped or S-shaped lateral curvature of the spine.
Arthrogram a record of a picture of a joint.
Tomography process of recording a cut.
Densitometry process of measuring density.
Amputation procedure to remove all or part of an extremity.
Autograft graft of tissue from one point to another of the same individual's body.
Arthroplasty surgery done to reconstruct or replace a diseased joint.
Arthroscopy common surgical procedure in which a joint is viewed using a small camera.
Bunionectomy surgical procedure to excise, or remove, an enlargment of a joint.
Prosthetic artificial device that replaces a missing body part lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions.
Arthrocentesis clinical procedure of using a syringe to collect synovial fluid from a joint capsule.
Arthrodesis artificial induction of joint ossification between two bones via surgery.
Goniometry instrument that measures an angle.
Orthosis the correction of disorders of the limbs or spine by use of braces.
Traction the set of mechanisms for straightening broken bones or relieving pressure on the spine and skeletal system.
Analgesic painkiller, is any member of the group of drugs used to relieve pain.
Anti-inflammatory A substance or treatment that reduces inflammation.
Corticosteroid Class of chemicals that includes steroid hormones.
Nonsteroidal Class of drugs that provide analgesic and antipyretic (fever-reducing) effects.
Bone resorption inhibitor drugs that inhibit mineralization or resorption of the bone by blocking the action of osteoclasts.
AKA above-the-knee amputation
BKA below-the-knee amputation
C1-C7 cervical vertebrae
Ca calcium
DJD degenerative joint disease
Fx fracture
L1-L5 lumbar vertebrae
LLE lower left extremity
LUE left upper extremity
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
Ortho orthopedics
ORIF open reduction and internal fixation
PT physical therapy or physical therapist
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RLE right lower extremity
ROM range of motion
RUE right upper extremity
T1-T12 thoracic vertebrae
THR total hip replacement
Created by: rkempf