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Stufflet Unit Euro

Unit 5 Euro

TermDefinition
ideology An outlook on life, or worldview, or “lens” through which a person looks at world
Aristotle Greek philosopher whose ideas heavily influenced traditional European ideas about the universe
Copernicus Polish scientist who was the first to challenge traditional ideas about the universe; theorized a heliocentric universe
heliocentric astronomical theory that says the sun is the center of the solar system
geocentric astronomical theory that says the Earth is the center of the universe
On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (1543) book that outlined the Copernican hypothesis
Tyco Brahe Danish; built most sophisticated observatory of his time; gathered massive amounts of astronomical data
Johannes Kepler postulated three laws of planetary motion, all of which proved the Copernican hypothesis
Galileo Galilei perfected the experimental method; suggested the law of inertia; used the telescope to further prove the Copernican hypothesis
Isaac Newton explained the law of universal gravitation; synthesized ideas of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo; explained WHY bodies did as they did
Principia Issac Newton's masterpiece
Enlightenment philosophical movement that sought to use the methods of the Scientific Revolution to explain the social world
John Locke Enlightened political theorist; said humans are born with a blank slate of a mind upon which experience acts
philosophes French intellectuals that spread enlightened ideas
Baron de Montesquieu Frenchman who wrote The Spirit of the Laws in which he argued for separation of powers in government
Persian Letters Baron de Montesquieu's veiled critique of European practices
Voltaire most famous philosophe of the Enlightenment
Encyclopedia edited work that sought to outline all known human knowledge through rational, scientifically researched articles
Rousseau argued that the general will and popular sovereignty were important concepts in government
popular sovereignty idea that political power is derived from the the people; the people give power to their rulers
The Social Contract most famous work of Rousseau
rococo artistic style of pastel colors, ornate interiors, and love themes; popularized by females during Enlightenment
Frederick the Great enlightened Prussian monarch
Catherine the Great enlightened Russian monarch
Maria Theresa Austrian monarch who gained throne through Pragmatic Sanction
Joseph II most enlightened Austrian monarch; freed serfs
Created by: stufflsb