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Health Science 1, Ms. Cygul

Name of DiseasePathogen (Cause)TransmissionSymptomsTreatmentPrognosis
Meningitis Enterovirus; Bacteria Kissing; Sharing utensils Headache; Sensitivity; Rashes Bed rest; Hospital; Antibiotics Recovery; Mental problems
Bothulism Nerve toxin; Bacterium Food Droopy eyes; Paralysis Antitoxin; Ventilator Extensive rehabilitation
Ebola Filaviridae African monkeys; Air; Contact with infected animal; Urine; Medical equipment Red eyes; Bleeding IV Fluids; Oxygen; Antibiotics; No cure 50 to 90 percent death rate
Anthrax Anthrax spores Meat; Infected animals Fever; Headache; Shock; Sore; Ulcer Antibiotics Fatal (death)
Fifth Disease Human Parvovirus B19 Infects only humans; Saliva; Spit; Nasal mucus; Coughing; Sneezing; Most contagious before you get the rash; People with weaker immune systems may spread the disease for a longer period of time Rash; Painful or swollen joints; Body stops making new red blood cells; Fever; Runny nose; Headache; Swollen glands; Red eyes; Sore throat; Diarrhea No other treatment is truly needed unless you want to relieve some of your symptoms; Plenty of rest; Drink plenty of fluids Immunity; People who are otherwise healthy will recover completely; People who have weakened immune systems may have more problems; Chronic anemia
Mumps Virus Sharing; Human contact Fever; Mild headaches; Runny nose; Cough; Sneezing; Secretion of mucus Warm and cold packs Complete recovery; Death of baby if pregnant
MRSA Staph Virus Touch infected objects; touch infected area Area is red; Puss; Swollen; Fever; Shortness of breath; Cough Antibiotics; culture Deadly if it reaches joints; Complete recovery if healthy immune system
Pertussis Bacteria Contact with infected Fever; Chest pain; Coughing Fit; Exhaustion Antibiotics; Oxygen tent; Fluids; Sedatives Recovery; Suffocation; Death
Chicken Pox Zoster Varicella Sneezing; Coughing; Touching chicken pox fluids; Sharing Fever; Headache; Sore throat; Fatigue; Loss of appetite; Itchiness Tylenol Recovery; Long term disability; Scars; Death; Shingles
Scabies Human Itch Mite (Parasite) Prolonged contact with infected person; Skin to skin and sexual contact Elevated rash Scabicides Recovery; Minor scarring
Malaria Protozoa Anopheles Mosquito; One mosquito to the next Fevers; Chills; Sweats; Nausea; Seizures; Comas; Kidney failure; Low blood pressure Antibiotics Death if severe; Recovery
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus Tattoos; Sexual intercourse; Baby with infected mother Fever; Tiredness; Lightheadedness Anti-viral medicine Constant medication; Yearly tests; Death
Lice Lice (Parasite) Contaminated personal belongings; Head to head contact; Shared items Skin irritation; red bumps Ointment; Over the counter medicines; Shampoo Skin infections; Don't die
Salmonella Salmonella bacteria Food; Reptiles; Birds Joint pain; Urination pain; Stomach pain; Fever; Diarrhea; Irritation Antibiotics Recovery; Death if severe
Hepatitis B HBV virus Person to person; Blood, semen, and other body fluids Fever; Joint pain; Yellowing skin None Survive
Mad Cow Disease Prion (infectious protein) Meat; Beef Hard to recognize; Dementia; Depression; Lost coordination None Fatal
Rabies Rhabdovirus Animal bites Fever; Vomit; Hallucanations Wash; Medicinal shots Fatal (Respiratory failure)
Typhoid Salmonella Contaminated water Headache; Diarrhea; Constapation Electrolysis Live if treated quickly enough
Tetanus Chlostridium Tetani Rust Muscle spasms; Hard swallowing; Tightening jaw Shot Recovery
Tinea Ringworm; Fungus Human contact Itchy; Pain Creams; Lotion; Pills Recovery
Herpes HSV Virus Direct contact; Sexual contact Blisters; Cold sores; Fevers None Stays forever
Rubella Toga virus Person to person; Mother to baby Headache; Rash -- Recovery
Dengue Fever Dengue virus Mosquito Bleeding; Headaches; Fever; Rash Pain killers Death; Depends on fever
Lyme Disease Parasite Tick Round rash; Headache; Fatigue Antibiotics Paralysis
Tuberculosis Tuberculosis bacterium Contaminated air Fevers; Weight loss; Chest pain Antibiotics Recovery
Influenza (flu) Virus A, B, and C; A affects humans and animals; B and C affect humans Human contact (Door knob; Droplets in the air Fever; Cough; Sore throat; Body ache Home remedies; No antibiotics Pneumonia; Increased chest pain; Respiratory problems
Cholera Vibrio Cholerae Water; Shellfish; Waste (feces) Diarrhea; Tiredness; Fast heartbeat Antibiotics Complete recovery
Shingles Zoster Varicella (Same virus as chickenpox) People with shingles Stages; Headaches; Tiredness; Tingling; Itching; Rash Pain medicine Discoloration of skin; Scarring of skin
Created by: StudyFalcon