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Anatomy

Lower Limbs Region 5

TermDefinition
abductor hallucis origin medical tubercle of tuberosity of calcaneus; flexor retinaculum; plantar aponeuorsis
abductor hallucis insertion medial aspect of base of proximal phalanx of 1st digit(hallux)
abductor hallucis action abducts & flexes 1st digit (hallux)
abductor hallucis innervation medial plantar nerve
abductor hallucis artery medial plantar artery
abductor hallucis 1st layer of plantar foot muscle;
flexor digitorum origin medial tubercle of tuberosity of calcaneus; plantar aponeurosis; intermuscular septa
flexor digitorum brevisjinsertion both sides of middle phalanges of lateral 4 digits
flexor digitorum brevis action flexes lateral 4 digits
flexor digitorum brevis innervation medial plantar nerve
flexor digitorum brevis artery medial planter artery
flexor digitorum brevis 1st layer of plantar foot muscle; medial orientation
abductor digiti minimi 1st layer of plantar foot muscle; lateral orientation
abductor digti minimi origin medial & lateral tubercles of tuberosity of calcaneus; plantar aponeurosis; intermuscular septa
abductor digti minimi insertion lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of 5th digit
abductor digti minimi innervation lateral plantar nerve
abductor digti minimi artery lateral plantar artery
abductor digti minimi action abducts and flexes little toes(5th digit)
quadratus plantae 2nd layer of plantar foot muscle;
quadratus plantae origin medial surface and lateral margin of plantar surface of calcaneus
quadratus plantae insertion posterolateral margin of tendon of flexor digitorum longus
quadratus plantae action assists flexor digitorum longus in flexing lateral four digits
quadratus plantae innervation lateral plantar nerve
quadratus plantae artery lateral plantar artery
lumbricals 2nd layer of plantar foot muscle; digits 2-5
lumbricals origin tendons of flexor digitorum longus
lumbricals insertion medial aspect of expansion over lateral 4 digits
lumbricals action flex proximal phalanges, extend middle & distal phalanges of lateral 4 digits
lumbricals innervation 2nd digit: medial plantar nerve; digits 3-5: lateral plantar nerve
lumbricals artery medial & lateral plantar nerve arteries
flexor hallucis brevis 3rd layer of plantar foot muscle
flexor hallucis brevis origin plantar surfaces of cuboid & lateral cuneiforms
flexor hallucis brevis insertion both sides of base of proximal phalanx of 1st digit
flexor hallucis brevis action flexes proximal phalanx of 1st digit
flexor hallucis brevis innervation medial plantar nerve
flexor hallucis brevis artery medial plantar artery
adductor hallucis 3rd layer of plantar foot muscle
adductor hallucis origin oblique head: bases of metatarsals 2-4 transverse head: plantar ligaments of metatarsal phalangeal joints
adductor hallucis insertion tendons of both heads attach to lateral side of base of proximal phalanx of 1st digit
adductor hallucis action adducts 1st digit assists in transverse arch of foot by metatarsals medially
adductor hallucis innervation deep branch of lateral plantar nerve
adductor hallucis artery lateral plantar artery
flexor digiti minimi brevis 3rd layer of plantar foot muscle
flexor digiti minimi brevis origin base of 5th metatarsal
flexor digiti minimi brevis insertion base of proximal phalanx of 5th digit
flexor digiti minimi brevis action flexes proximal phalanx of 5th digit, assisting with flexion
flexor digiti minimi brevis innervation supericial branch of lateral plantar nerve
flexor digiti minimi brevis artery lateral plantar artery
plantar interossei 4th layer foot muscles; 3 total
plantar interossei origin plantar aspect of medial sides of shafts of metatarsals 3-5
plantar interossei insertion medial sides of bases of phalanges of 3rd-5th
plantar interossei action adduct digits 3-5 & flex metatarsal phalangeal joints
plantar interossei innervation lateral plantar nerve
plantar interossei artery lateral plantar artery
dorsal interossei 4th layer foot muscles; 4 total
dorsal interossei origin adjacent sides of shafts of metatarsals 1-5
dosal interossei insertion 1st= medial side of proximal phalanx of 2nd digit
dorsal interossei action 2nd-4th = lateral sides of 2nd-4th digits
dorsal interossei innervation lateral plantar nerve
dorsal interossei artery lateral plantar artery
plantar aponeurosis
plantar aponeurosis compartments (medial, lateral, central
plantar aponeurosis adductor inerosseous
medial plantar nerve origin
medial plantar nerve distribution
lateral plantar nerve origin
lateral plantar nerve distribution
saphenous nerve origin
saphenous nerve distribution
medial calcaneal nerve origin
medial calcaneal nerve distribution
Created by: mandilucille