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HISTORIAN KEYWORDS

1ST YEAR JUNIOR CERT HISTORY

TermDefinition
ARTEFACT A man-made An object used by people in the past.
CARBON DATING A method used by archaeologists to date artefact by measuring how much carbon is in them.
PRIMARY SOURCE Historical information that comes directly from the past.
SECONDARY SOURCE Historical information made after the time being studied: second-hand information.
DENDROCHRONOLOGY Tree-ring dating.
STRATIGRAPHY A method used by archaeologists to date artefacts by the layer of soil in which they were found.
PRE-HISTORY The period in history before writing was invented.
BC Before Christ
AD Anno Domini - In the year of Our Lord.
CENTURY 100 years
MILLENIUM 1,000 years
AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY A way that archaeologists use to locate a site to excavate using photographs of the land taken from a plane.
GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY A way that archaeologists use to locate a site to excavate using metal detectors and electronic probes.
CENSUS An official count of the population.
EXCAVATION/DIG The location of an archaeologist’s work.
MUSEUM A building in which artefacts are kept in a safe place.
BIAS A one-sided view of events
Created by: nibhrudair