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Musculoskeletal

QuestionAnswer
calc/o calci/o Calcium
kyph/o humpback, hunchback (posterior curvature in the thoracic region)
lamin/o lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
lord/o curve, swayback (anterior curvature in the lumbar region)
lumb/o loins, lower back
myel/o bone marrow
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
scoli/o crooked, bent (lateral curvature)
spondyl/o vertebra
vertebr/o vertebra
-blast embryonic, immature
-clast to break
-listhesis slipping
-malacia softening
-physis to grow
-porosis pore, passage
-tome instrument to cut
acetabul/o acetabulum (hip socket)
calcane/o calcaneus (heel)
carp/o carpals (wrist bones)
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium (skull)
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula (smaller lower leg bone)
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
ili/o ilium (upper part of pelvic bone)
ischi/o ischium (posterior part of pelvic bone)
malleol/o malleolus (process on each side of the ankle)
mandibul/o mandible (lower jawbone)
maxill/o maxilla (upper jawbone)
metacarp/o metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o metatarsals (foot bones)
olecran/o olecranon (elbow)
patell/o patella (kneecap)
pelv/i pelvis (hipbone)
perone/o fibula
phalang/o phalanges (finger/toe bones)
pub/o pubis (anterior part of the pelvic bone)
radi/o radius (forearm bone-thumb side)
scapul/o scapula (shoulder blade)
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
tars/o tarsals (bones of the hindfoot)
tibi/o tibia (shin bone)
uln/o ulna (forearm bone-little finger side)
fasci/o fascia (forms sheath enveloping muscles)
fibr/o fibrous connective tissue
leiomy/o smooth (visceral) muscle that lines the walls of internal organs
my/o muscle
myocardi/o heart muscle
myos/o muscle
plant/o sole of the foot
rhabdomy/o skeletal (striated) muscle connected to bones
sarc/o muscle and flesh
-asthenia lack of strenght
-trophy development, nourishment
ab- awayfrom
ad- toward
dorsi- back
poly-
ankyl/o stiff
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
burs/o bursa
chondr/o cartilage
ligament/o ligament
rheumat/o watery flow
synov/o synovial membrane
ten/o, tendin/o tendon
-desis to bind, tie together
-stenosis narrowing
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
BKA below knee amputation
C1 to C7 Cervical vertebrae
Ca Calcium
CTS Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
DO doctor or osteopathy
EMG electromyography
IM intramuscular
L1 to L5 lumbar vertebrae
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
OA osteoarthritis
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
ortho orthopedics
OT occupational therapy
PT physical therapy
RA rheumatoid arthritis
ROM range of motion
SLE systemic lupus erythermatosus
T1 to T12 thoracic vertebrae
TKR total knee replacement
THR total hip replacement
Created by: brittm1719