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12 GOV Vocab CH 14

Ponder Am Govenment CH 14 Vocab study material

imperial presidency Term used to describe a President as an “emperor” who acts without consulting Congress or acts in secrecy to evade or deceive Congress; often used in reference to Richard Nixon’s presidency.
oath of office Oath taken by the President on the day he takes office, pledging to “faithfully execute” the office and “preserve, protect, and defend” the Constitution.
executive order Directive, rule, or regulation issued by a chief executive or subordinates, based upon constitutional or statutory authority and having the force of law.
ordinance power Power of the President to issue executive orders; originates from the Constitution and acts of Congress.
Treaty A formal agreement between two or more sovereign states.
Recognition The exclusive power of a President to recognize (establish formal diplomatic relations with) foreign states.
persona non grata An unwelcome person; used to describe recalled diplomatic officials.
line-item veto A President’s cancellation of specific dollar amounts (line items) from a congressional spending bill; instituted by a 1996 congressional act, but struck down by a 1998 Supreme Court decision.
reprieve An official postponement of the execution of a sentence
pardon Release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime, by the President (in a federal case) or a governor (in a State case).
Clemency Mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive
commutation The power to reduce (commute) the length of a sentence or fine for a crime
Amnesty A blanket pardon offered to a group of law violators.
Created by: breckart2