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A&P Terms

A&P Terminology

What is anatomy? The study of the structure of the body.
What is physiology? The study of the functions of the body parts.
What are the origins of anatomic terms? a) Discoverer; b) Location; c) Function; d) Shape; e) Story
Describe the anatomical position? Standing erect, arms at the side, eyes level, head, palms, and feet facing forward, and feet flat.
What is the mediastinum? The region in the middle of the thoracic cavity that sits between the lungs.
What is in the mediastinum? The heart, thymus, esophagus, trachea, and several large blood vessels.
Retroperitoneal Refers to organs that are outside of the peritoneum.
What organs are retroperitoneal? Kidneys, adrenal glands, pancreas, duodenum of the small intestine, ascending/descending colons of the large intestine, and the inferior vena cava.
What is a serous membrane? A double layer membrane that covers the viscera within the thoracic and and abdominal cavities.
Pleura Serous membrane of the pleural cavities.
Pericardium Serous membrane that lines the pericardial cavity.
Peritoneum Serous membrane of the abdominal cavity.
Membrane A pliable tissue that covers, lines, partitions, or connects structures.
What are the four types of tissues? a) connective; b) muscle; c)epithelial; e)nervous
6 levels of organization 1)Chemical; 2)Cellular; 3)Tissues; 4)Organs; 5)Organ System; 6)Organism
What are the bones of the axial skeleton? Sternum, ribs, spinal vertebrae, skull, and sacrum.
What are the bones of the appendicular skeleton? Scapula, clavicles, humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges, pelvis, femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges.
Visceral Toward an organ
Parietal Away from an organ
Deep Away from body surface
Superficial Toward a body surface
Proximal Nearer to origin
Distal Away from origin
Superior (Rostral) Toward the head
Inferior (Caudal) Away from the head
Medial Toward the center of the body
Lateral Away from the center of the body
Prone Laying face down
Supine Laying face up
Ipsilateral On same side of body as another structure
Contralateral On opposite side of body as another structure
What are body cavities? Spaces inside the body that a) Protect; b) Separate; and c) Support internal organs.
What are the 8 body cavities? a) Cranial; b) Vertebral; c) Pleural; d) Pericardial; e) Abdominopelvic; f) Thoracic; g) Abdominal; h) Pelvic
What organ is found in the cranial cavity? Brain
What organ is found in the vertebral cavity? Spinal Cord
What organ is found in the pleural cavities? One lung in each.
What organ is found in the pericardial cavity? Heart
What is in the thoracic cavity? Pleural cavities, pericardial cavity, and the mediastinum.
What is in the abdominopelvic cavity? Abdominal and pelvic cavities.
What organs are in the abdominal cavity? Stomach, spleen, liver, gallbladder, small intestine, and most of the large intestine.
What organs are found in the pelvic cavity? Urinary bladder, portions of large intestine, and internal reproductive organs.
How are the abdominal and pelvic cavities separated? By an imaginary line, there is no wall.
What separates the various body cavities? a) Bones; b) Muscles; c) Ligaments; d) other structures
What are abdominopelvic regions used for? Used to describe the location of the internal organs.
What are abdominopelvic quadrants used for? Used by clinicians to describe site of pain and abnormalities.
Are the organs inside the body cavities? No, the body cavities are potential spaces the have the potential to be filled.
What can fill the potential spaces that shouldn't be there? Fluid, blood, or air
What would happen if the potential spaces were filled? Disease
What are the different sectioning planes? Coronal, saggital, transverse, and oblique
What are the two types of saggital plane? Midsaggital and Parasaggital
How does the Coronal plane section the body? Anteriorly and posteriorly
How does the midsaggital plane section the body? Splits the body into equal left & right sections
How does the parasaggital plane section the body? Into unequal left and right sections
How does the transverse plane section the body? Into superior and inferior portions
How does the oblique plane section the body? Sections the body at any angle that is not 90 degrees to the other planes.
Created by: clem773



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