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Resp Study Guide

Chapter 7 Study Guide

What substance does the respiratory system deliver to the cells? Oxygen
What divides the nares? septum
What are the functions of the nasal cavity? Warms and humidifies inhaled air, removes dirt/dust from inhaled air.
What system do the tonsils belong to? Lymphatic system
What is the opening in the vocal cords called? Glottis
What is the layman's term for the trachea? Windpipe
What is the layman's term for the larynx? voice box
What is the layman's term for the pharynx? Throat
What is the layman's term for alveoli? air sacs
What are the organs of the respiratory system? Nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs
Which organ of the respiratory systme is used by both the respiratory and digestive system? Pharynx
What other system does the respiratory system work with tho deliver oxygen to the cells? Cardiovascular system
What do we breath in when we inhale? Oxygen
What substance do we exhale? Carbon Dioxide
What is the symbol for carbon dioxide? CO2
What is the symbol for oxygen? O2
What are the external openings into the nasal cavity called? nares
What are the small hairs that line the nose and airways called? cilia
What is the order of the airway? Pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes
What is encases the alveoli? pulmonary capillaries
What lung infection causes the alveoli to fill up with fluid? Pneumonia
What is one age related change of the respiratory system? Loss of elasticity of the lungs.
What are related health problems in the respiratory system for the elderly? Emphysema, lung cancer, TB, pneumonia
What are the characteristics of normal respirations? Effortless and regular
What are the safety considerations when a resident is receiving oxygen? Post "no smoking" signs, secure tanks with straps, notify charge nurse if tank is empty, check tubing for kinks or disconnections, pt laying on it, check flowmeter for correct rate, H2O level for bubbling, turn off O2 when not in use, store NC in bag.
List some comfort measures. Straps not tight, skin clean/dry, frequent oral hygeine, wipe face mask q shift, check for irritation.
What are s/s (sign and symptoms) of a pt not getting enough oxygen? Cyanosis, states he "can't breath", irritable, anxious, confusion, increased rate and depth, c/o dizziness
Which method of oxygen administration is most common? nasal cannula
What is hemoptysis? spitting up blood
What is epistaxis? nosebleed
If our carbon dioxide level falls,do the respirations increase or decrease? decrease
What are the components of the lungs? Bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
What is the normal range for SpO2? 96%-99%
What is aspiration? Withdrawing fluid using suction or inhaling food or fluid into the airways.
What can you do to prevent aspiration? HOB elevated pc, small bites, wait for the to chew, thicken liquids when prescribed.
Created by: HerndonFON