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Chapter 8

Digestive System

Chapter 8 Test Review QuestionChapter 8 Test Review Answers
What covers the trachea so that food does not go into the lungs when you swallow? Epiglottis
What is it called when fluid and solids come back up from the stomach to the mouth? Regurgitation
What is an inflammation of a pouch in the colon? Diverticulitis
What is the medical tern for gallstones? Cholelithiasis
What is a varicose vein in the rectum called? Hemorrhoid
What is the abbreviation for "nothing by mouth"? NPO-means nothing per oral.
What is the disease that destroys the cells of the liver? Cirrhosis
What is the term for a visual exam of the colon? Colonoscopy
What is the medical term for loss of appetite? Anorexia
Know he difference between these hernias: Inguinal hernia, Abdominal hernia, Hiatal hernia. Inguinal Hernia-hernia or outpouching of intestines into the inguinal region of the body. Abdominal Hernia-tear in the abdominal wall. Hiatal Hernia-Protrusion of the stomach through the diaphragm and extending into the thoracic cavity; gastroesoph
Where is the appendix? Is a blind ended tube connected to the cecum (or caecum), from which it develops embryologically. The cecum is a pouch-like structure of the colon. The appendix is near the junction of the small intestine and the large intestine.
What is the main difference between the urethra in an male and the uretha in a female? (hint: it has to do with what goes through them) In the male urethra sperm and urine. In the female urethra just urine.
What is an inflammation of the glans in the penis called? Balanitis
What is it called when the testes do not descend into the scrotal sac? Crypotorchidism
What is the difference between castration and sterilization? Castration-removal of the testicles in the male or the ovaries in the female. Sterilization-process of rendering a male or female sterile or unable to conceive children.
Definitions of the following: centesis, colp/o, mast/o, oophor/o, orch/o, PSA Centesis-puncture to withdraw fluid. Colp/-vagina Oophor/o-ovary Orch/o-testes PSA-Prostate Specific Antigen
Where is bile produced? Pancreas
Where is bile stored? Gallbladder
What is the medical term for the removal of the gallbladder? Cholecystectomy
Definitons of Terms: chol/o, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, diverticulities, enter/o, gingivitis, or/o Chol/e-bile, gall, Cholecystitis-inflammation of the gallbladder Cholelithiasis-formation or presence of stones Diverticulitis-inflammation of a diverticulum Enter/o-small intestine, gingivitis-inflammation of the gum, oro-mouth
Created by: MichaelAJ007