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17.5 Ophthalmology

Medical Procedures of the EYE

fluorescein angiography intravenous injection of flourescein (a dye) followed by serial photographs of the retina through dilated pupils.
ophthalmoscopy visual examination of the interior of the eye.
slit lamp microscopy examination of anterior ocular structures under microscopic magnification.
visual acuity test clarity of vision is assessed.
visual field test measures the area within which objects are seen when the eyes are fixed,looking straight ahead without movement of the head.
enucleation removal of the entire eyeball.
keratoplasty surgical repair of the cornea.
laser photocoagulation intense, precisely focused light beam (argon laser) creates an inflammatory reaction that seals retinal tears and leaky retinal blood vessels.
lasik use of an excimer laser to correct errors of refraction (myopia,hyperopia, and astigmatism).
phacoemulsification ultrasonic vibrations break up the lens, which then is aspirated through the ultrasonic probe.
scleral buckle suture of a silicone band to the sclera over a detached portionof the retina.
vitrectomy removal of the vitreous humor.
Created by: vikingmedterm